Ingredient ID 153 
Chinese Pronunciation KUXINGREN 
English Name Bitter Apricot Seed  
Latin Name Semen Armeniacae Amarum  
Aliases XingRen  
Cancers Lung
Identified Compounds

order by name

1. Amygdalin

   C20H27NO11   457.43
NSC# 15780 Activity (but inactive >10uM)
NSC# 251222 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

2. Mandelonitrile

   C8H7NO   133.15

3. Prunasine

   C14H17NO6   295.29

4. Amygdalase


5. Prunasin

   C14H17NO6   295.29

Recipes that contain
  1. 8      ErFenWan
  2. 61      QingDuLiFeiTang
  3. 292      GanAiFang
  4. 309      QingDuLiFeiTang

Available references (order by impact factor):

1:  Nout MJ, Tuncel G, Brimer L.
Microbial degradation of amygdalin of bitter apricot seeds (Prunus armeniaca).
Int J Food Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.673
1995;  24(3): 407-12

2:  Tuncel G, Nout MJ, Brimer L, Goktan D.
Toxicological, nutritional and microbiological evaluation of tempe fermentation with Rhizopus oligosporus of bitter and sweet apricot seeds.
Int J Food Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.673
1990;  11(3-4): 337-44

3:  Dicenta F, Martinez-Gomez P, Grane N, Martin ML, Leon A, Canovas JA, Berenguer V.
Relationship between cyanogenic compounds in kernels, leaves, and roots of sweet and bitter kernelled almonds.
J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
2002;  50(7): 2149-52

4:  Gabrial GN, El-Nahry FI, Awadalla MZ, Girgis SM.
Unconventional protein sources: apricot seed kernels.
Z Ernahrungswiss Suppl.    impact factor:   1.179
1981;  20(3): 208-15

5:  el-Adawy TA, Rahma EH, el-Badawey AA, Gomaa MA, Lasztity R, Sarkadi L.
Biochemical studies of some non-conventional sources of proteins. Part 7. Effect of detoxification treatments on the nutritional quality of apricot kernels.
Nahrung.    impact factor:   .395
1994;  38(1): 12-20

6:  Nie S, Li Z, Liang A, Xue B, Li G, Wang X.
[Effects of processing on specific toxicity and pharmacodynamics of radix Kansui, radix Achyranthis bidentatae and semen Armeniacae amarum]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1996;  21(3): 153-6, 190

7:  Qiao CZ, Zhu YP, Su ZW, Li CH.
[Studies on the source plants of semen Armeniacae Amerum and their distribution]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1993;  18(1): 12-4, 61

8:  Liang AH, Nie SQ, Xue BY, Li GQ, Li ZL.
[Effects of processing on special toxicity and pharmacodynamics in semen Armeniacae amarum]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1993;  18(8): 474-8, 509

9:  Gao JJ, Jin CQ.
[Comparison of glucoside content of bitter apricot seeds processed in different ways and stored routinely for one year]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(11): 658-9, 702

10:  Zhang L, Yao Q, Xie H.
[Microwave processing method of semen Armeniacae Amarum]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1991;  16(3): 146-7, 190

11:  Yue Q, Ni ZY.
[Effect of ma-xin-shi-gan tang on the immune function in children with acute lower respiratory tract infection]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1990;  10(10): 600-2, 581


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