Ingredient ID 153 
Chinese Pronunciation KUXINGREN 
English Name Bitter Apricot Seed  
Latin Name Semen Armeniacae Amarum  
Aliases XingRen  
Cancers Lung
Identified Compounds

order by ID

1. Amygdalase


2. Amygdalin

   C20H27NO11   457.43
NSC# 15780 Activity (but inactive >10uM)
NSC# 251222 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

3. Mandelonitrile

   C8H7NO   133.15

4. Prunasin

   C14H17NO6   295.29

5. Prunasine

   C14H17NO6   295.29

Recipes that contain
  1. 8      ErFenWan
  2. 61      QingDuLiFeiTang
  3. 292      GanAiFang
  4. 309      QingDuLiFeiTang

Available references (order by impact factor):

1:  Nout MJ, Tuncel G, Brimer L.
Microbial degradation of amygdalin of bitter apricot seeds (Prunus armeniaca).
Int J Food Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.673
1995;  24(3): 407-12

2:  Tuncel G, Nout MJ, Brimer L, Goktan D.
Toxicological, nutritional and microbiological evaluation of tempe fermentation with Rhizopus oligosporus of bitter and sweet apricot seeds.
Int J Food Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.673
1990;  11(3-4): 337-44

3:  Dicenta F, Martinez-Gomez P, Grane N, Martin ML, Leon A, Canovas JA, Berenguer V.
Relationship between cyanogenic compounds in kernels, leaves, and roots of sweet and bitter kernelled almonds.
J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
2002;  50(7): 2149-52

4:  Gabrial GN, El-Nahry FI, Awadalla MZ, Girgis SM.
Unconventional protein sources: apricot seed kernels.
Z Ernahrungswiss Suppl.    impact factor:   1.179
1981;  20(3): 208-15

5:  el-Adawy TA, Rahma EH, el-Badawey AA, Gomaa MA, Lasztity R, Sarkadi L.
Biochemical studies of some non-conventional sources of proteins. Part 7. Effect of detoxification treatments on the nutritional quality of apricot kernels.
Nahrung.    impact factor:   .395
1994;  38(1): 12-20

6:  Nie S, Li Z, Liang A, Xue B, Li G, Wang X.
[Effects of processing on specific toxicity and pharmacodynamics of radix Kansui, radix Achyranthis bidentatae and semen Armeniacae amarum]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1996;  21(3): 153-6, 190

7:  Qiao CZ, Zhu YP, Su ZW, Li CH.
[Studies on the source plants of semen Armeniacae Amerum and their distribution]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1993;  18(1): 12-4, 61

8:  Liang AH, Nie SQ, Xue BY, Li GQ, Li ZL.
[Effects of processing on special toxicity and pharmacodynamics in semen Armeniacae amarum]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1993;  18(8): 474-8, 509

9:  Gao JJ, Jin CQ.
[Comparison of glucoside content of bitter apricot seeds processed in different ways and stored routinely for one year]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(11): 658-9, 702

10:  Zhang L, Yao Q, Xie H.
[Microwave processing method of semen Armeniacae Amarum]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1991;  16(3): 146-7, 190

11:  Yue Q, Ni ZY.
[Effect of ma-xin-shi-gan tang on the immune function in children with acute lower respiratory tract infection]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1990;  10(10): 600-2, 581


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