Ingredient ID 17 
Chinese Pronunciation SHANZHA 
English Name Hawthorn Fruit  
Latin Name Fructus Crataegi  
Aliases BaiShanZha
Cancers Nourish  
Identified Compounds

order by name

1. Acetyl Choline

   C7H16NO2   146.21

2. Amygdalin

   C20H27NO11   457.43
NSC# 15780 Activity (but inactive >10uM)
NSC# 251222 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

3. Caffeotamic Acid

   C16H18O9   354.31

4. Citric Acid

   C6H8O7   192.12

5. Epicatechin

   C15H14O6   290.28

6. Hyperin

   C21H20O12   464.38

7. Quercetin

   C15H10O7   302.24
NSC# 9219 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

8. Vitamin C

   C6H8O6   176.12

9. Crataegolic Acid

   C30H48O4   472.71

Recipes that contain
  1. 47      BaiSheGanChanTang
  2. 89      MaoFengTang
  3. 95      FengFangTang
  4. 104      LianBoTang
  5. 308      SongMuTang
  6. 360      FuFangBanZhiLianPian
  7. 369      MaoFengTang
  8. 375      FuFangFengFangTang
  9. 384      LianBaiTang

Available references (order by impact factor):

1:  Zhang Z, Ho WK, Huang Y, James AE, Lam LW, Chen ZY.
Hawthorn fruit is hypolipidemic in rabbits fed a high cholesterol diet.
J Nutr.    impact factor:   2.15
2002;  132(1): 5-10

2:  Chen ZY, Zhang ZS, Kwan KY, Zhu M, Ho WK, Huang Y.
Endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by hawthorn extract in rat mesenteric artery.
Life Sci.    impact factor:   1.774
1998;  63(22): 1983-91

3:  Shahat AA, Hammouda F, Ismail SI, Azzam SA, De Bruyne T, Lasure A, Van Poel B, Pieters L, Vlietinck AJ.
Anti-complementary activity of Crataegus sinaica.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
1996;  62(1): 10-3

4:  Zhang Z, Chang Q, Zhu M, Huang Y, Ho WK, Chen Z.
Characterization of antioxidants present in hawthorn fruits.
J Nutr Biochem.    impact factor:   1.29
2001;  12(3): 144-152

5:  Griffiths DW, Robertson GW, Shepherd T, Birch AN, Gordon SC, Woodford JA.
A comparison of the composition of epicuticular wax from red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) and hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna Jacq.) flowers.
Phytochemistry.    impact factor:   1.106
2000;  55(2): 111-6

6:  Fitzgerald SD, Sullivan JM, Everson RJ.
Suspected ethanol toxicosis in two wild cedar waxwings.
Avian Dis.    impact factor:   .984
1990;  34(2): 488-90

7:  Mantey KD, Moffitt HR, Neven LG.
Laboratory rearing of lesser appleworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
J Econ Entomol.    impact factor:   .909
2000;  93(3): 1021-4

8:  Wittig J, Leipolz I, Graefe EU, Jaki B, Treutter D, Veit M.
Quantification of procyanidins in oral herbal medicinal products containing extracts of Crataegus species.
Arzneimittelforschung.    impact factor:   .671
2002;  52(2): 89-96

9:  Rigelsky JM, Sweet BV.
Hawthorn: pharmacology and therapeutic uses.
Am J Health Syst Pharm.    impact factor:   0
2002;  59(5): 417-22

10:  Ahmed AA, Khattab AM, Grace MH, Sahl MM.
A new eudesmanolide from Crataegus flava fruits.
Fitoterapia.    impact factor:   0
2001;  72(7): 756-9

11:  Sun J, Yang S, Li G, Yang Z.
[Investigation on method speliality in identifying Fructus Crataegi with vitexin rhamnoside]
Zhong Yao Cai.    impact factor:   0
2001;  24(12): 859-61

12:  Wang X, Che Q, Li Y, He Y.
[A study on chemical constituents in seeds of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. var. major N. E. Br.]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1999;  24(12): 739-40, 763

13:  Chen JD, Wu YZ, Tao ZL, Chen ZM, Liu XP.
Hawthorn (shan zha) drink and its lowering effect on blood lipid levels in humans and rats.
World Rev Nutr Diet.    impact factor:   0
1995;  77: 147-54

14:  Gao GY, Feng YX.
[Comparison of morphological and microscopical diagnostic characters of Hawthorn fruits (Crataegus species)]
Yao Xue Xue Bao.    impact factor:   0
1995;  30(10): 781-8

15:  Chen HB, Jiang JL, Yu L, Gao GY.
[Comparisons of pharmacological effect and LD50 among four kinds of Hawthorn fruit]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1994;  19(8): 454-5, 510

16:  Fan Y, Yang CQ, Yang LJ, Zhang H, Dong JW.
[Integrated control of pests injuring Chinese hawthorn Crataegus pinatifida Bge. var. major N.E.Br. by nonpollution techniques]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(11): 651-4, 701

17:  Chen Z.
[Clinical study of 96 cases with chronic hepatitis B treated with jiedu yanggan gao by a double-blind method]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1990;  10(2): 71-4, 67

18:  Karpov AE, Karabash IuA, Zolotarenko AI.
[Activation of the latent nuclear polyhedrosis virus in a natural population of hawthorn white (Aporia crataegi L.) caterpillar by treating apple leaves with double superphosphate]
Mikrobiol Zh.    impact factor:   0
1976;  38(2): 217-9


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