Ingredient ID 233 
Chinese Pronunciation HUANGQI 
English Name Milkvetch Root  
Latin Name Radix Astragali  
Aliases MianHuangQi  
Cancers Melanoma
Liver
Lung
Cervical  
Identified Compounds
25

order by ID

1. 2',4'-dihydroxy-5,6-dimethoxy-isoflavane

   C17H20O5   304.34
  ID:8521

2. 2',4'-dihydroxy-5,6-dimethoxyisoflavane

   C17H18O5   302.32
  ID:1795

3. 3-hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxypterocarpan

   C17H16O5   300.31
  ID:6855

4. Astragaloside I

   C45H72O16   869.05
  ID:509

5. Astragaloside Ii

   C43H70O15   827.01
  ID:510

6. Astragaloside Iii

   C41H68O14   784.97
  ID:8526

7. Astragaloside Iv

   C41H68O14   784.97
NSC# 650944 Activity (but inactive >10uM)
  ID:511

8. Astragalus Saponin I

   C41H68O15   800.97
  ID:8520

9. Astragalus Saponin Ii

      

10. Astragalus Saponin Iii

      

11. Beta-sitosterol

   C29H50O   414.71
  ID:5884

12. Calycosin

   C16H12O5   284.27
  ID:7071

13. Choline

   C5H14NO   104.17
  ID:1034

14. Chrysin

   C15H10O4   254.24
NSC# 407436 Activity (but inactive >10uM)
  ID:1043

15. Cycloastragenol

   C30H50O5   490.72
  ID:1403

16. Daucosterol

   C35H60O6   576.85
NSC# 165962 Activity (but inactive >10uM)
  ID:1496

17. Folic Acid

   C19H19N7O6   441.4
NSC# 3073 Activity (<1uM)
  ID:2386

18. Formononetin

   C16H12O3   252.26
  ID:7244

19. Gamma-aminobutyric Acid

   C4H9NO2   103.12
  ID:262

20. Kumatakenin

   C17H14O6   314.29
  ID:3761

21. Lydine

   C5H11NO2   117.15
  ID:626

22. Medicarpin

   C16H14O4   270.28
NSC# 350085 Activity (but inactive >10uM)
  ID:8522

23. Palmitic Acid

   C16H32O2   256.43
  ID:4951

24. Soyasaponin

   C48H78O17   927.13
  ID:5940

25. Sucrose

   C12H22O11   342.29
  ID:6034

 
Recipes that contain
HUANGQI
  1. 47      BaiSheGanChanTang
  2. 49      GuiSheTang
  3. 58      FoJiaCaoTang
  4. 87      ErRenTang
  5. 91      ErGenTang
  6. 102      GuaLouGongYinTang
  7. 107      ChongMaiYin
  8. 110      RuXianAiCanKaoFangSan
  9. 115      LiangGenYiShenTang
  10. 123      LouShenTang
  11. 131      SheSangTang
  12. 155      ZhuLianErGenTang
  13. 156      BaiXueBingFangEr
  14. 161      ZhuGouLongSheTang
  15. 170      LinBaCanKaoFang
  16. 190      LuanChaoAiFangSan
  17. 203      JinFuKang
  18. 227      ZhiZiTang
  19. 244      FuFangYuanZaoTang
  20. 247      ErJiaoTang
  21. 271      KangAiWan
  22. 272      FuZhengKangAiTang
  23. 280      GuiSheTang
  24. 294      SheLianTang
  25. 301      FuZhengGongAiTang
  26. 312      SheGenTang
  27. 338      64Fang
  28. 340      GongJingAiFang
  29. 351      TuoDuWan
  30. 367      ErRenTang
  31. 382      GuaLouGongYingTang
  32. 410      SheSangTang
  33. 438      KangBaiHeJi
  34. 441      BaiXueBingFang
  35. 443      FuFangMaQianZiTang
  36. 446      BaiXueBingFangII
  37. 446      BaiXueBingFangII
  38. 448      FuFangHeShuPiTang
  39. 449      FuFangZhuYangYangTang
  40. 458      XiJiaoDiHuangTang
  41. 459      BaiXueBingFangIV
  42. 515      GanAiFangIII
  43. 522      GanAiCanKaoFangIII
 

Available references (order by impact factor):

1:  Ma XQ, Shi Q, Duan JA, Dong TT, Tsim KW.
Chemical analysis of Radix Astragali (Huangqi) in China: a comparison with its adulterants and seasonal variations.
J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
2002;  50(17): 4861-6

2:  Kurashige S, Akuzawa Y, Endo F.
Effects of astragali radix extract on carcinogenesis, cytokine production, and cytotoxicity in mice treated with a carcinogen, N-butyl-N'-butanolnitrosoamine.
Cancer Invest.    impact factor:   1.514
1999;  17(1): 30-5

3:  Yamada H, Kiyohara H, Takemoto N, Zhao JF, Kawamura H, Komatsu Y, Cyong JC, Aburada M, Hosoya E.
Mitogenic and complement activating activities of the herbal components of juzen-taiho-to.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
1992;  58(2): 166-70

4:  Li W, Fitzloff JF.
Determination of astragaloside IV in Radix astragali (Astragalus membranaceus var. monghulicus) using high-performance liquid chromatography with evaporative light-scattering detection.
J Chromatogr Sci.    impact factor:   1.199
2001;  39(11): 459-62

5:  Yao M, Qi Y, Bi K, Wang X, Luo X, Che C.
A precolumn derivatization high-performance liquid chromatographic method with improved sensitivity and specificity for the determination of astragaloside IV in Radix Astragali.
J Chromatogr Sci.    impact factor:   1.199
2000;  38(8): 325-8

6:  Wdowiak S, Malek W.
Numerical analysis of Astragalus cicer microsymbionts.
Curr Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.165
2000;  41(2): 142-8

7:  Sun A, Chia JS, Chang YF, Chiang CP.
Serum interleukin-6 level is a useful marker in evaluating therapeutic effects of levamisole and Chinese medicinal herbs on patients with oral lichen planus.
J Oral Pathol Med.    impact factor:   1.133
2002;  31(4): 196-203

8:  Sun A, Chiang CP.
Levamisole and/or Chinese medicinal herbs can modulate the serum level of squamous cell carcinoma associated antigen in patients with erosive oral lichen planus.
J Oral Pathol Med.    impact factor:   1.133
2001;  30(9): 542-8

9:  Saiki I, Yamaura T, Ohnishi Y, Hayakawa Y, Komatsu Y, Nunome S.
HPLC analysis of juzen-taiho-to and its variant formulations and their antimetastatic efficacies.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.117
1999;  47(8): 1170-4

10:  Ma XQ, Duan JA, Zhu DY, Dong TT, Tsim KW.
Species identification of Radix Astragali (Huangqi) by DNA sequence of its 5S-rRNA spacer domain.
Phytochemistry.    impact factor:   1.106
2000;  54(4): 363-8

11:  Shon YH, Kim JH, Nam KS.
Effect of Astragali radix extract on lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in human amnion.
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
2002;  25(1): 77-80

12:  Xuejiang W, Ichikawa H, Konishi T.
Antioxidant potential of qizhu tang, a chinese herbal medicine, and the effect on cerebral oxidative damage after ischemia reperfusion in rats.
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
2001;  24(5): 558-63

13:  Onishi Y, Yamaura T, Tauchi K, Sakamoto T, Tsukada K, Nunome S, Komatsu Y, Saiki I.
Expression of the anti-metastatic effect induced by Juzen-taiho-to is based on the content of Shimotsu-to constituents.
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
1998;  21(7): 761-5

14:  Kajimura K, Takagi Y, Miyano K, Sawabe Y, Mimura M, Sakagami Y, Yokoyama H, Yoneda K.
Polysaccharide of Astragali radix enhances IgM antibody production in aged mice.
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
1997;  20(11): 1178-82

15:  Kajimura K, Takagi Y, Ueba N, Yamasaki K, Sakagami Y, Yokoyama H, Yoneda K.
Protective effect of Astragali Radix by intraperitoneal injection against Japanese encephalitis virus infection in mice.
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
1996;  19(6): 855-9

16:  Kajimura K, Takagi Y, Ueba N, Yamasaki K, Sakagami Y, Yokoyama H, Yoneda K.
Protective effect of astragali radix by oral administration against Japanese encephalitis virus infection in mice.
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
1996;  19(9): 1166-9

17:  Jin R, Kurashige S.
Effects of Chinese herbs on macrophage functions in N-butyl-N-butanolnitrosoamine treated mice.
Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol.    impact factor:   .761
1996;  18(1): 105-14

18:  Toda S, Shirataki Y.
Inhibitory effects of Astragali Radix, a crude drug in Oriental medicines, on lipid peroxidation and protein oxidative modification by copper.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1999;  68(1-3): 331-3

19:  Wang WK, Hsu TL, Huang ZY, Wang YY.
Collective effect of a Chinese formula--a study of xiao-jian-zhong-tang.
Am J Chin Med.    impact factor:   .583
1995;  23(3-4): 299-304

20:  Toda S, Yase Y, Shirataki Y.
Inhibitory effects of astragali radix, crude drug in Oriental medicines on lipid peroxidation and protein oxidative modification of mouse brain homogenate by copper.
Phytother Res.    impact factor:   .364
2000;  14(4): 294-6

21:  Kuwahara Y, Nakamura T, Hashimoto A, Nishi H.
[Analysis of natural medicines by micellar electrokinetic chromatography (MEKC)--determination of calycosin in Astragali radix]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
2000;  120(9): 779-85

22:  Nakamura T, Hashimoto A, Nishi H, Kokusenya Y.
[Investigation on the marker substances of crude drugs in formulations. I. Marker substances for the identification of astragali radix in kampo and drinkable preparations]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1999;  119(5): 391-400

23:  Jin R, Wan LL, Mitsuishi T, Kodama K, Kurashige S.
[Immunomodulative effects of Chinese herbs in mice treated with anti-tumor agent cyclophosphamide]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1994;  114(7): 533-8

24:  Wang XJ, Feng P.
Antioxidant activity of qizhu tang.
Acta Pharmacol Sin.    impact factor:   .196
2000;  21(12): 1141-4

25:  Xi S, Ruan Y, Liu Y, Zhang L, Si W.
The inhibitory effects of Radix Astragali on hypoxic pulmonary hypertension of rats.
Chin Med J (Engl).    impact factor:   .107
1998;  111(10): 956-8

26:  Xu ZB, Wu J, Chen HC, Lu YJ, Gong MC.
Radix Codonopsis pilosulae and radix Astragali promote erythrocyte glycolysis.
Chin Med J (Engl).    impact factor:   .107
1987;  100(8): 654-7

27:  Hou YD, Ma GL, Wu SH, Li YY, Li HT.
Effect of Radix Astragali seu Hedysari on the interferon system.
Chin Med J (Engl).    impact factor:   .107
1981;  94(1): 35-40

28:  Xu X, Xia L, Gao J, Liu Q, Peng D.
[Study on antiplatelet effect of radix astragali total saponin combined with radix paeoniae rubra glucosides]
Zhong Yao Cai.    impact factor:   0
2002;  25(9): 653-5

29:  Ye X, Deng F, Gu M, Xiao Y, Fang H, Lu X.
[Detection report on noxious elements in radix astragli]
Zhong Yao Cai.    impact factor:   0
2002;  25(9): 619-21

30:  Shi R, He L, Hu Y, Yi N, Weng S, Cao Y.
The regulatory action of Radix Astragali on M-cholinergic receptor of the brain of senile rats.
J Tradit Chin Med.    impact factor:   0
2001;  21(3): 232-5

31:  Zhou CL, Lu J.
[Determination of astragaloside IV in radix Astragali by HPLC with evaporative light scattering detector]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
2000;  25(3): 166-8

32:  Wdowiak S, Malek W, Sajnaga E, Lotocka B, Stepkowski T, Legocki A.
Symbiosis of Astragalus cicer with its microsymbionts: partial nodC gene sequence, host plant specificity, and root nodule structure.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek.    impact factor:   0
2000;  78(1): 63-71

33:  He J, Jing Z, Gu Q.
[Collagen expression of intra-acinar pulmonary arteries and right ventricle and intervention of Radix Astragali in rats with hypoxic pulmonary hypertension]
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1999;  79(9): 654-6

34:  Woo YA, Kim HJ, Cho JH, Chung H.
Discrimination of herbal medicines according to geographical origin with near infrared reflectance spectroscopy and pattern recognition techniques.
J Pharm Biomed Anal.    impact factor:   0
1999;  21(2): 407-13

35:  Wang Z, Cheng Z, Fang X.
[Antiviral action of combined use of rhizoma Polygoni cuspidati and radix Astragali on HSV-1 strain]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1999;  24(3): 176-80, 192

36:  Lu J, Zou D, Zhang J.
[Preventive effect of radix Astragali on insulin resistance caused by tumor necrosis factor-alpha]
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1999;  19(7): 420-2

37:  You S, Zhou M, Xue B, Fang T, Jiang W, Li C, Xu H, Jiang J, Wang Y, Xu S.
A clinical study on bing gan ling oral liquid for treatment of hepatitis C.
J Tradit Chin Med.    impact factor:   0
1998;  18(3): 209-14

38:  Zuo L, Guo H.
[Quantitative study on synergistic effect of radix astragali A6 and acyclovir against herpes simplex virus type I by polymerase chain reaction]
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1998;  18(4): 233-5

39:  Xi S, Ruan Y, Liu Y.
[Morphometric investigation on hypoxic structural remodeling of intraacinar pulmonary arteries]
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1998;  21(5): 303-5

40:  Chen X, Ruan Y, Xi S, Si W, Zhang L.
[Therapeutic effect of radix Astragali on hypoxia pulmonary hypertension in rats]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1997;  22(7): 432-4, inside back cover

41:  Xie H, Wu T, Huang L, Li C.
[Preventive effect of gubao on hydrocortisone-induced osteoporosis in rats]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1997;  22(4): 238-40, 256

42:  Ying M, Li X, Sun C, Wu K, Cong J, Wang D.
[Effect of total flavonoids of radix Astragali on free radical production by myocardial ischemia-reperfusion in rats]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1996;  21(5): 304-5, 320

43:  Li C, Zhang X, Zheng X, Ren H, Yang G.
[Effect of leaf picking on the output of radix Astragali seu Hedysari]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1996;  21(11): 653-4, 702

44:  Nie K.
[Drug-pair of radix Astragali and radix Angelicae sinensis on cardiovascular system]
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1996;  16(6): 379-81

45:  Wang D, Shen W, Tian Y, Sun Z, Jiang C, Yuan S.
[Protective effect of active components extracted from radix Astragali on human erythrocyte membrane damages caused by reactive oxygen species]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1996;  21(12): 746-8, 763

46:  Xi S, Ruan Y, Zhang L.
[The inhibitory effects of Radix Astragali on hypoxic pulmonary hypertension of rats]
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1996;  25(4): 236-8

47:  Pan F, Feng Y, Chen S, Gao G.
[Analysis of total saponins in traditional Chinese drug radix Astragali]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1995;  20(7): 391-3, 446

48:  Wang D, Shen W, Tian Y, Dong Z, Liu G, Sun Z, Yang S, Zhou S.
[Protective effect of total flavonoids of radix Astragali on mammalian cell damage caused by hydroxyl radical]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1995;  20(4): 240-2, 254

49:  Quan HX, Li HS.
[Effects of radix Astragali on hemopoiesis in irradiated mice]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1994;  19(12): 741-3, 763

50:  Chen K, Li C.
Recent advances in studies on traditional Chinese anti-aging materia medica.
J Tradit Chin Med.    impact factor:   0
1993;  13(3): 223-6, contd

51:  Li G, Gao T, Wen J, Yang R, Yu C, Zhang S.
[A research on the quality of radix Astragali]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(8): 454-6, 509

52:  Wei R, Chen C, Dong J, Qiu S, Cao Z.
[Effect of radix Astragali and radix ginseng in enhancing the metabolism of human myocardial cells in vitro]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(3): 173-5, inside backcover

53:  Mi S.
[A research for screening anti-hepatitis B virus drugs with the 2.2.15 cell line]
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  72(10): 612-5, 640

54:  Gao ZM, Fan ZC, Yun Y.
[Clinical and experimental research on prevention and treatment of child reversal respiratory tract infection by feibao]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1991;  11(4): 206-8, 196

55:  Yang Y.
[An experimental study of the effect of Radix astragali on mice with viral myocarditis infected by Coxsackie B-3]
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1991;  19(3): 186-8

56:  Sun W, Sha Z, Yan Z.
[Identification of Chinese drugs by fluorescence spectrum]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1991;  16(6): 326-8, 381

57:  Liu ZY.
[Progress in pharmacological research on radix Astragali]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1991;  11(5): 312-4

58:  Shi YM, Wu QZ.
[Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in children treated with replenishing qi and tonifying kidney and the changes in thrombocyte aggregative function]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1991;  11(1): 14-6, 3

59:  Liu K.
[Preliminary report on various symptoms of chronic hepatitis treated with radix Astragali and its regulative effect on levels of serum hormone]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1990;  10(6): 330-3, 323

60:  Wang GT.
[Treatment of operated late gastric carcinoma with prescription of strengthening the patient's resistance and dispelling the invading evil in combination with chemotherapy: follow-up study of 158 patients and experimental study in animals]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1990;  10(12): 712-6, 707

61:  Han GZ, Xiang DY, He YJ, Xu CX, Zhang PZ.
[Influence of radix Astragali on noise-caused changes in hepatic glycogen content in the rat]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1989;  14(12): 750-2, 764

62:  Zhang JQ, Zhou YP.
[Inhibition of aldose reductase from rat lens by some Chinese herbs and their components]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1989;  14(9): 557-9, 576

63:  Ying K.
[Historical evolution of the process of preparing radix Astragali]
Zhong Yao Tong Bao.    impact factor:   0
1988;  13(1): 22-4, 62

64:  Xue QF.
[Effect of Ligusticum wallichii and Radix astragali on microcirculation in the hamster cheek pouch]
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1986;  66(7): 409-12, 448

65:  Liu DX.
[Mitotic effect of radix codonopsis pilosulae, radix astragali and semen strychni on human lymphocytes]
Zhong Yao Tong Bao.    impact factor:   0
1985;  10(3): 40-2

66:  Liu SH.
[Experimental study of the effect of radix astragali and Polystictus versicolor on leukocytic phagocytic and bactericidal function]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1985;  5(7): 423-5, 389

67:  Ma R, Xie RF.
The effect of Radix Astragali on mouse marrow hemopoiesis.
J Tradit Chin Med.    impact factor:   0
1983;  3(3): 199-204

68:  Aburada M, Takeda S, Ito E, Nakamura M, Hosoya E.
Protective effects of juzentaihoto, dried decoctum of 10 Chinese herbs mixture, upon the adverse effects of mitomycin C in mice.
J Pharmacobiodyn.    impact factor:   0
1983;  6(12): 1000-4

 

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