Ingredient ID 315 
Chinese Pronunciation GANJIANG 
English Name Zingiber  
Latin Name Rhizoma Zingiberis  
Cancers Cervical  
Identified Compounds

order by name

1. L-bisabolene

   C15H24   204.35

2. Alpha-curcumene

   C15H22   202.34

3. Methylheptenone

   C8H14O   126.2

4. Beta-sesquiphellandrene

   C15H24   204.35

5. Zingiberol

   C16H28O   236.4

6. Zingiberone

   C15H24O   220.35

7. Gingerol


8. Linarool


9. Shogaol

   C17H24O3   276.37

Recipes that contain
  1. 219      FuFanLaoShaTang(San)

Available references (order by impact factor):

1:  Bignall J.
Postoperative Zingiber.
Lancet.    impact factor:   10.197
1993;  342(8868): 429

2:  Katiyar SK, Agarwal R, Mukhtar H.
Inhibition of tumor promotion in SENCAR mouse skin by ethanol extract of Zingiber officinale rhizome.
Cancer Res.    impact factor:   8.614
1996;  56(5): 1023-30

3:  Altman RD, Marcussen KC.
Effects of a ginger extract on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis.
Arthritis Rheum.    impact factor:   7.054
2001;  44(11): 2531-8

4:  Choi KH, Laursen RA, Allen KN.
The 2.1 A structure of a cysteine protease with proline specificity from ginger rhizome, Zingiber officinale.
Biochemistry.    impact factor:   4.493
1999;  38(36): 11624-33

5:  Murakami A, Takahashi D, Kinoshita T, Koshimizu K, Kim HW, Yoshihiro A, Nakamura Y, Jiwajinda S, Terao J, Ohigashi H.
Zerumbone, a Southeast Asian ginger sesquiterpene, markedly suppresses free radical generation, proinflammatory protein production, and cancer cell proliferation accompanied by apoptosis: the alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group is a prerequisite.
Carcinogenesis.    impact factor:   4.118
2002;  23(5): 795-802

6:  Kitayama T, Okamoto T, Hill RK, Kawai Y, Takahashi S, Yonemori S, Yamamoto Y, Ohe K, Uemura S, Sawada S.
Chemistry of Zerumbone. 1. Simplified Isolation, Conjugate Addition Reactions, and a Unique Ring Contracting Transannular Reaction of Its Dibromide.
J Org Chem.    impact factor:   3.44
1999;  64(8): 2667-2672

7:  Topic B, Tani E, Tsiakitzis K, Kourounakis PN, Dere E, Hasenohrl RU, Hacker R, Mattern CM, Huston JP.
Enhanced maze performance and reduced oxidative stress by combined extracts of zingiber officinale and ginkgo biloba in the aged rat.
Neurobiol Aging.    impact factor:   3.399
2002;  23(1): 135-43

8:  Choi KH, Laursen RA.
Amino-acid sequence and glycan structures of cysteine proteases with proline specificity from ginger rhizome Zingiber officinale.
Eur J Biochem.    impact factor:   3.307
2000;  267(5): 1516-26

9:  Vimala S, Norhanom AW, Yadav M.
Anti-tumour promoter activity in Malaysian ginger rhizobia used in traditional medicine.
Br J Cancer.    impact factor:   3.282
1999;  80(1-2): 110-6

10:  Ohtsuki K, Taguchi K, Sato K, Kawabata M.
Purification of ginger proteases by DEAE-Sepharose and isoelectric focusing.
Biochim Biophys Acta.    impact factor:   2.59
1995;  1243(2): 181-4

11:  Ernst E, Pittler MH.
Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials.
Br J Anaesth.    impact factor:   2.387
2000;  84(3): 367-71

12:  Bhattarai S, Tran VH, Duke CC.
The stability of gingerol and shogaol in aqueous solutions.
J Pharm Sci.    impact factor:   2.27
2001;  90(10): 1658-64

13:  Shoji N, Iwasa A, Takemoto T, Ishida Y, Ohizumi Y.
Cardiotonic principles of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe).
J Pharm Sci.    impact factor:   2.27
1982;  71(10): 1174-5

14:  Sugaya E, Ishige A, Sekiguchi K, Iizuka S, Ito K, Sugimoto A, Aburada M, Hosoya E.
Inhibitory effect of TJ-960 (SK) on pentylenetetrazol-induced EEG power spectrum changes.
Epilepsy Res.    impact factor:   2.193
1988;  2(1): 27-31

15:  Surh Y.
Molecular mechanisms of chemopreventive effects of selected dietary and medicinal phenolic substances.
Mutat Res.    impact factor:   2.107
1999;  428(1-2): 305-27

16:  Nakamura H, Yamamoto T.
The active part of the [6]-gingerol molecule in mutagenesis.
Mutat Res.    impact factor:   2.107
1983;  122(2): 87-94

17:  Nakamura H, Yamamoto T.
Mutagen and anti-mutagen in ginger, Zingiber officinale.
Mutat Res.    impact factor:   2.107
1982;  103(2): 119-26

18:  Niijima A, Kubo M, Hashimoto K, Komatsu Y, Maruno M, Okada M.
Effect of oral administration of Pinellia ternata, Zingiberis rhizoma and their mixture on the efferent activity of the gastric branch of the vagus nerve in the rat.
Neurosci Lett.    impact factor:   2.085
1998;  258(1): 5-8

19:  Sugiyama K, Muteki T, Kano T.
The Japanese herbal medicine 'saiko-keishi-to' activates GABAA receptors of rat sensory neurons in culture.
Neurosci Lett.    impact factor:   2.085
1996;  216(3): 147-50

20:  Phillips S, Ruggier R, Hutchinson SE.
Zingiber officinale (ginger)--an antiemetic for day case surgery.
Anaesthesia.    impact factor:   1.879
1993;  48(8): 715-7

21:  Phillips S, Hutchinson S, Ruggier R.
Zingiber officinale does not affect gastric emptying rate. A randomised, placebo-controlled, crossover trial.
Anaesthesia.    impact factor:   1.879
1993;  48(5): 393-5

22:  Bone ME, Wilkinson DJ, Young JR, McNeil J, Charlton S.
Ginger root--a new antiemetic. The effect of ginger root on postoperative nausea and vomiting after major gynaecological surgery.
Anaesthesia.    impact factor:   1.879
1990;  45(8): 669-71

23:  Nakazawa T, Ohsawa K.
Metabolism of [6]-gingerol in rats.
Life Sci.    impact factor:   1.774
2002;  70(18): 2165-75

24:  Tanaka T, Shimizu M, Kohno H, Yoshitani S, Tsukio Y, Murakami A, Safitri R, Takahashi D, Yamamoto K, Koshimizu K, Ohigashi H, Mori H.
Chemoprevention of azoxymethane-induced rat aberrant crypt foci by dietary zerumbone isolated from Zingiber zerumbet.
Life Sci.    impact factor:   1.774
2001;  69(16): 1935-45

25:  Eldershaw TP, Colquhoun EQ, Bennett KL, Dora KA, Clark MG.
Resiniferatoxin and piperine: capsaicin-like stimulators of oxygen uptake in the perfused rat hindlimb.
Life Sci.    impact factor:   1.774
1994;  55(5): 389-97

26:  Hasenohrl RU, Topic B, Frisch C, Hacker R, Mattern CM, Huston JP.
Dissociation between anxiolytic and hypomnestic effects for combined extracts of zingiber officinale and ginkgo biloba, as opposed to diazepam.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav.    impact factor:   1.732
1998;  59(2): 527-35

27:  Hasenohrl RU, Nichau CH, Frisch CH, De Souza Silva MA, Huston JP, Mattern CM, Hacker R.
Anxiolytic-like effect of combined extracts of Zingiber officinale and Ginkgo biloba in the elevated plus-maze.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav.    impact factor:   1.732
1996;  53(2): 271-5

28:  Frisch C, Hasenohrl RU, Mattern CM, Hacker R, Huston JP.
Blockade of lithium chloride-induced conditioned place aversion as a test for antiemetic agents: comparison of metoclopramide with combined extracts of Zingiber officinale and Ginkgo biloba.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav.    impact factor:   1.732
1995;  52(2): 321-7

29:  Alzoreky NS, Nakahara K.
Antibacterial activity of extracts from some edible plants commonly consumed in Asia.
Int J Food Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.673
2003;  80(3): 223-30

30:  Janssen PL, Meyboom S, van Staveren WA, de Vegt F, Katan MB.
Consumption of ginger (Zingiber officinale roscoe) does not affect ex vivo platelet thromboxane production in humans.
Eur J Clin Nutr.    impact factor:   1.668
1996;  50(11): 772-4

31:  Denyer CV, Jackson P, Loakes DM, Ellis MR, Young DA.
Isolation of antirhinoviral sesquiterpenes from ginger (Zingiber officinale).
J Nat Prod.    impact factor:   1.652
1994;  57(5): 658-62

32:  Marles RJ, Kaminski J, Arnason JT, Pazos-Sanou L, Heptinstall S, Fischer NH, Crompton CW, Kindack DG, Awang DV.
A bioassay for inhibition of serotonin release from bovine platelets.
J Nat Prod.    impact factor:   1.652
1992;  55(8): 1044-56

33:  Sekiwa-Iijima Y, Aizawa Y, Kubota K.
Geraniol dehydrogenase activity related to aroma formation in ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe).
J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
2001;  49(12): 5902-6

34:  Sekiwa Y, Kubota K, Kobayashi A.
Isolation of novel glucosides related to gingerdiol from ginger and their antioxidative activities.
J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
2000;  48(2): 373-7

35:  Hirono I, Mori H, Kato K, Hosaka S, Aiso S.
Carcinogenicity examination of inflorescence of Zingiber mioga Roscoe.
Cancer Lett.    impact factor:   1.518
1982;  15(3): 203-8

36:  Kim DS, Kim DS, Oppel MN.
Shogaols from Zingiber officinale protect IMR32 human neuroblastoma and normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells from beta-amyloid(25-35) insult.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
2002;  68(4): 375-6

37:  Hashimoto K, Satoh K, Murata P, Makino B, Sakakibara I, Kase Y, Ishige A, Higuchi M, Sasaki H.
Component of Zingiber officinale that improves the enhancement of small intestinal transport.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
2002;  68(10): 936-9

38:  Martins AP, Salgueiro L, Goncalves MJ, da Cunha AP, Vila R, Canigueral S, Mazzoni V, Tomi F, Casanova J.
Essential oil composition and antimicrobial activity of three Zingiberaceae from S.Tome e Principe.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
2001;  67(6): 580-4

39:  Kawai T, Kinoshita K, Koyama K, Takahashi K.
Anti-emetic principles of Magnolia obovata bark and Zingiber officinale rhizome.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
1994;  60(1): 17-20

40:  Sakamoto S, Mori T, Sawaki K, Kawachi Y, Kuwa K, Kudo H, Suzuki S, Sugiura Y, Kasahara N, Nagasawa H.
Effects of kampo (Japanese herbal) medicine "sho-saiko-to" on DNA-synthesizing enzyme activity in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine-induced colonic carcinomas in rats.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
1993;  59(2): 152-4

41:  Adewunmi CO, Oguntimein BO, Furu P.
Molluscicidal and antischistosomal activities of Zingiber officinale.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
1990;  56(4): 374-6

42:  Kanjanapothi D, Soparat P, Panthong A, Tuntiwachwuttikul P, Reutrakul V.
A uterine relaxant compound from Zingiber cassumunar.
Planta Med.    impact factor:   1.438
1987;  53(4): 329-32

43:  Singh K, Singh DK.
Effect of different combinations of MGK-264 or piperonyl butoxide with plant-derived molluscicides on snail reproduction.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol.    impact factor:   1.437
2000;  38(2): 182-90

44:  Andreev GN, Schrader B, Schulz H, Fuchs R, Popov S, Handjieva N.
Non-destructive NIR-FT-Raman analyses in practice. Part I. Analyses of plants and historic textiles.
Fresenius J Anal Chem.    impact factor:   1.418
2001;  371(7): 1009-17

45:  Suzuki F, Kobayashi M, Komatsu Y, Kato A, Pollard RB.
Keishi-ka-kei-to, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, inhibits pulmonary metastasis of B16 melanoma.
Anticancer Res.    impact factor:   1.375
1997;  17(2A): 873-8

46:  Nagano T, Oyama Y, Kajita N, Chikahisa L, Nakata M, Okazaki E, Masuda T.
New curcuminoids isolated from Zingiber cassumunar protect cells suffering from oxidative stress: a flow-cytometric study using rat thymocytes and H2O2.
Jpn J Pharmacol.    impact factor:   1.317
1997;  75(4): 363-70

47:  Hattori T, Ito M, Suzuki Y.
Studies on antinephritic effect of TJ-8014, syo-saiko-to-kyo-shyokyo-ka-ouren-bukuryou (5): Effects on puromycin aminonucleoside nephrosis and its mechanisms.
Jpn J Pharmacol.    impact factor:   1.317
1991;  56(4): 465-73

48:  Weidner MS, Sigwart K.
Investigation of the teratogenic potential of a zingiber officinale extract in the rat.
Reprod Toxicol.    impact factor:   1.277
2001;  15(1): 75-80

49:  Surh YJ.
Anti-tumor promoting potential of selected spice ingredients with antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities: a short review.
Food Chem Toxicol.    impact factor:   1.243
2002;  40(8): 1091-7

50:  Ahmed RS, Seth V, Pasha ST, Banerjee BD.
Influence of dietary ginger (Zingiber officinales Rosc) on oxidative stress induced by malathion in rats.
Food Chem Toxicol.    impact factor:   1.243
2000;  38(5): 443-50

51:  Thomson M, Al-Qattan KK, Al-Sawan SM, Alnaqeeb MA, Khan I, Ali M.
The use of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) as a potential anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic agent.
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids.    impact factor:   1.226
2002;  67(6): 475-8

52:  Bordia A, Verma SK, Srivastava KC.
Effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) and fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum L.) on blood lipids, blood sugar and platelet aggregation in patients with coronary artery disease.
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids.    impact factor:   1.226
1997;  56(5): 379-84

53:  Koo KL, Ammit AJ, Tran VH, Duke CC, Roufogalis BD.
Gingerols and related analogues inhibit arachidonic acid-induced human platelet serotonin release and aggregation.
Thromb Res.    impact factor:   1.207
2001;  103(5): 387-97

54:  Guh JH, Ko FN, Jong TT, Teng CM.
Antiplatelet effect of gingerol isolated from Zingiber officinale.
J Pharm Pharmacol.    impact factor:   1.195
1995;  47(4): 329-32

55:  Goto C, Kasuya S, Koga K, Ohtomo H, Kagei N.
Lethal efficacy of extract from Zingiber officinale (traditional Chinese medicine) or [6]-shogaol and [6]-gingerol in Anisakis larvae in vitro.
Parasitol Res.    impact factor:   1.161
1990;  76(8): 653-6

56:  Yoshikawa M, Yamaguchi S, Kunimi K, Matsuda H, Okuno Y, Yamahara J, Murakami N.
Stomachic principles in ginger. III. An anti-ulcer principle, 6-gingesulfonic acid, and three monoacyldigalactosylglycerols, gingerglycolipids A, B, and C, from Zingiberis Rhizoma originating in Taiwan.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.117
1994;  42(6): 1226-30

57:  Tanabe M, Chen YD, Saito K, Kano Y.
Cholesterol biosynthesis inhibitory component from Zingiber officinale Roscoe.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.117
1993;  41(4): 710-3

58:  Kiuchi F, Iwakami S, Shibuya M, Hanaoka F, Sankawa U.
Inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene biosynthesis by gingerols and diarylheptanoids.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.117
1992;  40(2): 387-91

59:  Yoshikawa M, Hatakeyama S, Taniguchi K, Matuda H, Yamahara J.
6-Gingesulfonic acid, a new anti-ulcer principle, and gingerglycolipids A, B, and C, three new monoacyldigalactosylglycerols, from zingiberis rhizoma originating in Taiwan.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.117
1992;  40(8): 2239-41

60:  Ozaki Y, Kawahara N, Harada M.
Anti-inflammatory effect of Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. and its active principles.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.117
1991;  39(9): 2353-6

61:  Yamahara J, Huang QR, Li YH, Xu L, Fujimura H.
Gastrointestinal motility enhancing effect of ginger and its active constituents.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.117
1990;  38(2): 430-1

62:  Etoh H, Kondoh T, Noda R, Singh IP, Sekiwa Y, Morimitsu K, Kubota K.
Shogaols from Zingiber officinale as promising antifouling agents.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem.    impact factor:   1.039
2002;  66(8): 1748-50

63:  Kitayama T, Yamamoto K, Utsumi R, Takatani M, Hill RK, Kawai Y, Sawada S, Okamoto T.
Chemistry of zerumbone. 2. Regulation of ring bond cleavage and unique antibacterial activities of zerumbone derivatives.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem.    impact factor:   1.039
2001;  65(10): 2193-9

64:  Khanom F, Kayahara H, Tadasa K.
Superoxide-scavenging and prolyl endopeptidase inhibitory activities of Bangladeshi indigenous medicinal plants.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem.    impact factor:   1.039
2000;  64(4): 837-40

65:  Murakami A, Takahashi M, Jiwajinda S, Koshimizu K, Ohigashi H.
Identification of zerumbone in Zingiber zerumbet Smith as a potent inhibitor of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced Epstein-Barr virus activation.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem.    impact factor:   1.039
1999;  63(10): 1811-2

66:  Stewart JJ, Wood MJ, Wood CD, Mims ME.
Effects of ginger on motion sickness susceptibility and gastric function.
Pharmacology.    impact factor:   1.019
1991;  42(2): 111-20

67:  Li P, Kawachi H, Morioka T, Orikasa M, Oite T, Shi ZS, Shimizu F.
Suppressive effects of sairei-to on monoclonal antibody 1-22-3-induced glomerulonephritis: analysis of effective components.
Pathol Int.    impact factor:   .951
1997;  47(7): 430-5

68:  Kim YK, Koh E, Park SY, Chang SY, Park SJ, Na WI, Kim HJ.
Determination of sulfite in Oriental herbal medicines.
J AOAC Int.    impact factor:   .95
2000;  83(5): 1149-54

69:  Shelly TE, McInnis DO.
Exposure to ginger root oil enhances mating success of irradiated, mass-reared males of Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae).
J Econ Entomol.    impact factor:   .909
2001;  94(6): 1413-8

70:  Keating A, Chez RA.
Ginger syrup as an antiemetic in early pregnancy.
Altern Ther Health Med.    impact factor:   .879
2002;  8(5): 89-91

71:  Hashimoto K, Kase Y, Murata P, Kido T, Nakai Y, Sakakibara L, Higuchi M, Sasaki H, Okada M.
Pharmacological evaluation of Shokyo and Kankyo (1).
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
2002;  25(9): 1183-7

72:  Yamaoka Y, Kawakita T, Kaneko M, Nomoto K.
A polysaccharide fraction of Zizyphi fructus in augmenting natural killer activity by oral administration.
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
1996;  19(7): 936-9

73:  Holtmann S, Clarke AH, Scherer H, Hohn M.
The anti-motion sickness mechanism of ginger. A comparative study with placebo and dimenhydrinate.
Acta Otolaryngol.    impact factor:   .812
1989;  108(3-4): 168-74

74:  Grontved A, Brask T, Kambskard J, Hentzer E.
Ginger root against seasickness. A controlled trial on the open sea.
Acta Otolaryngol.    impact factor:   .812
1988;  105(1-2): 45-9

75:  Tjendraputra E, Tran VH, Liu-Brennan D, Roufogalis BD, Duke CC.
Effect of ginger constituents and synthetic analogues on cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme in intact cells.
Bioorg Chem.    impact factor:   .787
2001;  29(3): 156-63

76:  Sekiwa Y, Kobayashi A, Kubota K, Takenaka M.
First isolation of geranyl disaccharides from ginger and their relations to aroma formation.
Nat Prod Lett.    impact factor:   .732
2001;  15(4): 267-74

77:  Fischer-Rasmussen W, Kjaer SK, Dahl C, Asping U.
Ginger treatment of hyperemesis gravidarum.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol.    impact factor:   .703
1991;  38(1): 19-24

78:  Kar A, Choudhary BK, Bandyopadhyay NG.
Comparative evaluation of hypoglycaemic activity of some Indian medicinal plants in alloxan diabetic rats.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
2003;  84(1): 105-8

79:  Puri A, Sahai R, Singh KL, Saxena RP, Tandon JS, Saxena KC.
Immunostimulant activity of dry fruits and plant materials used in indian traditional medical system for mothers after child birth and invalids.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
2000;  71(1-2): 89-92

80:  Habsah M, Amran M, Mackeen MM, Lajis NH, Kikuzaki H, Nakatani N, Rahman AA, Ghafar, Ali AM.
Screening of Zingiberaceae extracts for antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
2000;  72(3): 403-10

81:  Luo L, Nong Wang J, Kong LD, Jiang QG, Tan RX.
Antidepressant effects of Banxia Houpu decoction, a traditional Chinese medicinal empirical formula.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
2000;  73(1-2): 277-81

82:  Sharma SS, Gupta YK.
Reversal of cisplatin-induced delay in gastric emptying in rats by ginger (Zingiber officinale).
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1998;  62(1): 49-55

83:  Bhandari U, Sharma JN, Zafar R.
The protective action of ethanolic ginger (Zingiber officinale) extract in cholesterol fed rabbits.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1998;  61(2): 167-71

84:  Sharma SS, Kochupillai V, Gupta SK, Seth SD, Gupta YK.
Antiemetic efficacy of ginger (Zingiber officinale) against cisplatin-induced emesis in dogs.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1997;  57(2): 93-6

85:  Sohni YR, Bhatt RM.
Activity of a crude extract formulation in experimental hepatic amoebiasis and in immunomodulation studies.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1996;  54(2-3): 119-24

86:  Ramos Ruiz A, De la Torre RA, Alonso N, Villaescusa A, Betancourt J, Vizoso A.
Screening of medicinal plants for induction of somatic segregation activity in Aspergillus nidulans.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1996;  52(3): 123-7

87:  Sohni YR, Kaimal P, Bhatt RM.
The antiamoebic effect of a crude drug formulation of herbal extracts against Entamoeba histolytica in vitro and in vivo.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1995;  45(1): 43-52

88:  Chang CP, Chang JY, Wang FY, Chang JG.
The effect of Chinese medicinal herb Zingiberis rhizoma extract on cytokine secretion by human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1995;  48(1): 13-9

89:  Mustafa T, Srivastava KC.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) in migraine headache.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1990;  29(3): 267-73

90:  Mascolo N, Jain R, Jain SC, Capasso F.
Ethnopharmacologic investigation of ginger (Zingiber officinale).
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1989;  27(1-2): 129-40

91:  Umeda M, Amagaya S, Ogihara Y.
Effects of certain herbal medicines on the biotransformation of arachidonic acid: a new pharmacological testing method using serum.
J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
1988;  23(1): 91-8

92:  Srivastava KC, Mustafa T.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) in rheumatism and musculoskeletal disorders.
Med Hypotheses.    impact factor:   .678
1992;  39(4): 342-8

93:  Srivastava KC, Mustafa T.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and rheumatic disorders.
Med Hypotheses.    impact factor:   .678
1989;  29(1): 25-8

94:  Ajayi FA, Lale NE.
Susceptibility of unprotected seeds and seeds of local bambara groundnut cultivars protected with insecticidal essential oils to infestation by Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).
J Stored Prod Res.    impact factor:   .65
2000;  37(1): 47-62

95:  Nagasawa H, Watanabe K, Inatomi H.
Effects of bitter melon (Momordica charantia l.) or ginger rhizome (Zingiber offifinale rosc) on spontaneous mammary tumorigenesis in SHN mice.
Am J Chin Med.    impact factor:   .583
2002;  30(2-3): 195-205

96:  Chen D, Wu CF, Huang L, Ning Z.
Effect of the aqueous extract of xuio-ban-xia-tang on gastric emptying in mice.
Am J Chin Med.    impact factor:   .583
2002;  30(2-3): 207-14

97:  Kanai S, Okano H, Abe H.
Efficacy of toki-shigyakuka-gosyuyu-syokyo-to (danggui-sini-jia-wuzhuyu-shengjiang-tang) on peripheral circulation in autonomic disorders.
Am J Chin Med.    impact factor:   .583
1997;  25(1): 69-78

98:  Qureshi S, Shah AH, Tariq M, Ageel AM.
Studies on herbal aphrodisiacs used in Arab system of medicine.
Am J Chin Med.    impact factor:   .583
1989;  17(1-2): 57-63

99:  al-Yahya MA, Rafatullah S, Mossa JS, Ageel AM, Parmar NS, Tariq M.
Gastroprotective activity of ginger zingiber officinale rosc., in albino rats.
Am J Chin Med.    impact factor:   .583
1989;  17(1-2): 51-6

100:  Sanderson L, Bartlett A, Whitfield PJ.
In vitro and in vivo studies on the bioactivity of a ginger (Zingiber officinale) extract towards adult schistosomes and their egg production.
J Helminthol.    impact factor:   .564
2002;  76(3): 241-7

101:  Datta A, Sukul NC.
Antifilarial effect of Zingiber officinale on Dirofilaria immitis.
J Helminthol.    impact factor:   .564
1987;  61(3): 268-70

102:  Singh R, Rai B.
Antifungal potential of some higher plants against Fusarium udum causing wilt disease of Cajanus cajan.
Microbios.    impact factor:   .44
2000;  102(403): 165-73

103:  Sambaiah K, Srinivasan K.
Effect of cumin, cinnamon, ginger, mustard and tamarind in induced hypercholesterolemic rats.
Nahrung.    impact factor:   .395
1991;  35(1): 47-51

104:  Topic B, Hasenohrl RU, Hacker R, Huston JP.
Enhanced conditioned inhibitory avoidance by a combined extract of Zingiber officinale and Ginkgo biloba.
Phytother Res.    impact factor:   .364
2002;  16(4): 312-5

105:  Vishwakarma SL, Pal SC, Kasture VS, Kasture SB.
Anxiolytic and antiemetic activity of Zingiber officinale.
Phytother Res.    impact factor:   .364
2002;  16(7): 621-6

106:  Antunes E, Gordo WM, de Oliveira JF, Teixeira CE, Hyslop S, De Nucci G.
The relaxation of isolated rabbit corpus cavernosum by the herbal medicine Catuama and its constituents.
Phytother Res.    impact factor:   .364
2001;  15(5): 416-21

107:  Singh VK, Singh S, Singh DK.
Effect of active molluscicidal component of spices on different enzyme activities and biogenic amine levels in the nervous tissue of Lymnaea acuminata.
Phytother Res.    impact factor:   .364
1999;  13(8): 649-54

108:  Mantani N, Sakai S, Kogure T, Goto H, Shibahara N, Kita T, Shimada Y, Terasawa K.
Herbal medicine and false-positive results on lymphocyte transformation test.
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
2002;  122(6): 399-402

109:  Yoshikawa M, Hatakeyama S, Chatani N, Nishino Y, Yamahara J.
[Qualitative and quantitative analysis of bioactive principles in Zingiberis Rhizoma by means of high performance liquid chromatography and gas liquid chromatography. On the evaluation of Zingiberis Rhizoma and chemical change of constituents during Zingiberis Rhizoma processing]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1993;  113(4): 307-15

110:  Yamahara J, Hatakeyama S, Taniguchi K, Kawamura M, Yoshikawa M.
[Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of Zingiber officinale Roscoe cultivated in Taiwan. The absolute stereostructure of a new diarylheptanoid]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1992;  112(9): 645-55

111:  Gomita Y, Uchikado A, Moriyama M, Ichimaru Y, Kawasaki H, Nonaka G, Nishioka I.
[Pharmacological study of Zingiber mioga Roscoe: effects on thiopental sleeping time and intracranial self-stimulation behavior (author's transl)]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1980;  100(4): 452-6

112:  Masada Y, Inoue T, Hashimoto K, Fujioka M, Uchino C.
[Studies on the constituents of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) by GC-MS (author's transl)]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1974;  94(6): 735-8

113:  Masada Y, Inoue T, Hashimoto K, Fujioka M, Shiraki K.
[Studies on the pungent principles of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) by GC-MS]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1973;  93(3): 318-21

114:  Murakami T, Inugai F, Nagasawa M, Inatomi H, Mori N.
[Studies on the water-soluble constituents of crude drugs. 3. On the free amino acids isolated from rhizoma zingiberis]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1965;  85(9): 845-6

115:  Yang Y, Kinoshita K, Koyama K, Takahashi K, Kondo S, Watanabe K.
Structure-antiemetic-activity of some diarylheptanoids and their analogues.
Phytomedicine.    impact factor:   .185
2002;  9(2): 146-52

116:  Minami E, Shibata H, Nomoto M, Fukuda T.
Effect of shitei-to, a traditional Chinese medicine formulation, on pentylenetetrazol-induced kindling in mice.
Phytomedicine.    impact factor:   .185
2000;  7(1): 69-72

117:  Uma Pradeep K, Geervani P, Eggum BO.
Common Indian spices: nutrient composition, consumption and contribution to dietary value.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr.    impact factor:   .133
1993;  44(2): 137-48

118:  Pradeep KU, Geervani P, Eggum BO.
Influence of spices on utilization of sorghum and chickpea protein.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr.    impact factor:   .133
1991;  41(3): 269-76

119:  Rout GR, Palai SK, Das P.
Onset of in vitro rhizogenesis response and peroxidase activity in Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae).
Rev Biol Trop.    impact factor:   .121
2001;  49(3-4): 965-71

120:  Kamtchouing P, Mbongue Fandio GY, Dimo T, Jatsa HB.
Evaluation of androgenic activity of Zingiber officinale and Pentadiplandra brazzeana in male rats.
Asian J Androl.    impact factor:   0
2002;  4(4): 299-301

121:  Gupta YK, Sharma M.
Reversal of pyrogallol-induced delay in gastric emptying in rats by ginger (Zingiber officinale).
Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol.    impact factor:   0
2001;  23(9): 501-3

122:  Kaur G, Kulkarni SK.
Investigations on possible serotonergic involvement in effects of OB-200G (polyherbal preparation) on food intake in female mice.
Eur J Nutr.    impact factor:   0
2001;  40(3): 127-33

123:  Afzal M, Al-Hadidi D, Menon M, Pesek J, Dhami MS.
Ginger: an ethnomedical, chemical and pharmacological review.
Drug Metabol Drug Interact.    impact factor:   0
2001;  18(3-4): 159-90

124:  Agarwal M, Walia S, Dhingra S, Khambay BP.
Insect growth inhibition, antifeedant and antifungal activity of compounds isolated/derived from Zingiber officinale Roscoe (ginger) rhizomes.
Pest Manag Sci.    impact factor:   0
2001;  57(3): 289-300

125:  Singh A, Singh DK.
Molluscicidal activity of Lawsonia inermis and its binary and tertiary combinations with other plant derived molluscicides.
Indian J Exp Biol.    impact factor:   0
2001;  39(3): 263-8

126:  Lee SK, Cho HK, Cho SH, Kim SS, Nahm DH, Park HS.
Occupational asthma and rhinitis caused by multiple herbal agents in a pharmacist.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol.    impact factor:   0
2001;  86(4): 469-74

127:  Ahmed RS, Seth V, Banerjee BD.
Influence of dietary ginger (Zingiber officinales Rosc) on antioxidant defense system in rat: comparison with ascorbic acid.
Indian J Exp Biol.    impact factor:   0
2000;  38(6): 604-6

128:  Agrawal AK, Rao CV, Sairam K, Joshi VK, Goel RK.
Effect of Piper longum Linn, Zingiber officianalis Linn and Ferula species on gastric ulceration and secretion in rats.
Indian J Exp Biol.    impact factor:   0
2000;  38(10): 994-8

129:  Nakatani N.
Phenolic antioxidants from herbs and spices.
Biofactors.    impact factor:   0
2000;  13(1-4): 141-6

130:  Charles R, Garg SN, Kumar S.
New gingerdione from the rhizomes of Zingiber officinale.
Fitoterapia.    impact factor:   0
2000;  71(6): 716-8

131:  Duan TX, Ma CH, Lun LH, Hou YX.
[Determination of baicalin in banxiaxiexintang decoction different combinations of the by PR-HPLC]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
2000;  25(2): 99-100

132:  Hayakawa T, Kase Y, Saito K, Hashimoto K, Ishige A, Komatsu Y, Sasaki H.
Pharmacological studies of the effect of Dai-kenchu-to on spontaneous contraction of isolated rabbit jejunum.
J Smooth Muscle Res.    impact factor:   0
1999;  35(2): 55-62

133:  Ejechi BO, Souzey JA, Akpomedaye DE.
Microbial stability of mango (Mangifera indica L.) juice preserved by combined application of mild heat and extracts of two tropical spices.
J Food Prot.    impact factor:   0
1998;  61(6): 725-7

134:  Zhou H, Wei L, Lei H.
[Analysis of essential oil from rhizoma Zingiberis by GC-MS]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1998;  23(4): 234-6, 256

135:  Fujitsuka N, Kurogi A, Hattori T, Shindo S.
[Effects of onpi-to (TJ-8117) and (-)epicatechin-3-O-gallate on the proliferating changes in glomeruli of 5/6 nephrectomized rats]
Nippon Jinzo Gakkai Shi.    impact factor:   0
1997;  39(7): 693-700

136:  Ahmed RS, Sharma SB.
Biochemical studies on combined effects of garlic (Allium sativum Linn) and ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) in albino rats.
Indian J Exp Biol.    impact factor:   0
1997;  35(8): 841-3

137:  Goso Y, Ogata Y, Ishihara K, Hotta K.
Effects of traditional herbal medicine on gastric mucin against ethanol-induced gastric injury in rats.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Pharmacol Toxicol Endocrinol.    impact factor:   0
1996;  113(1): 17-21

138:  Pei M, Wang S, Li J.
[Correlativity analysis of detoxicating effect of radix Glycyrrhizae on radix Aconiti preparata in sini decoction]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1996;  21(1): 50-2, inside back cover

139:  Chang JY, Yang TY, Chang CP, Chang JG.
The effect of "chi-han (hot nature)" Chinese herbs on the secretion of IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha by mononuclear cells.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci.    impact factor:   0
1996;  12(1): 18-24

140:  Li P, Fujio S.
Effects of chai ling tang on proteinuria in rat models.
J Tradit Chin Med.    impact factor:   0
1995;  15(1): 48-52

141:  Meyer K, Schwartz J, Crater D, Keyes B.
Zingiber officinale (ginger) used to prevent 8-Mop associated nausea.
Dermatol Nurs.    impact factor:   0
1995;  7(4): 242-4

142:  Wu W, Hou C, Luo H, Jin W, Luo C.
[Anti-lipid peroxidation effects of sini decoction and its components on ischemic myocardium and the dose- and time-effects]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1995;  20(4): 235-7, 254

143:  Wu W, Luo H, Hou C.
[In vitro experiment on scavenging oxy-radical and suppressing myocardial lipid peroxidation with sini decoction]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1995;  20(11): 690-1, 701, inside backcover

144:  Farag SE, Aziz NH, Attia ES.
Effect of irradiation on the microbiological status and flavouring materials of selected spices.
Z Lebensm Unters Forsch.    impact factor:   0
1995;  201(3): 283-8

145:  Ikemoto K, Utsunomiya T, Ball MA, Kobayashi M, Pollard RB, Suzuki F.
Protective effect of shigyaku-to, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, on the infection of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in mice.
Experientia.    impact factor:   0
1994;  50(5): 456-60

146:  Eldershaw TP, Colquhoun EQ, Dora KA, Peng ZC, Clark MG.
Pungent principles of ginger (Zingiber officinale) are thermogenic in the perfused rat hindlimb.
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord.    impact factor:   0
1992;  16(10): 755-63

147:  Yang HZ, Liang YH, Ren H.
[Effect of compound and minor prescription of heat-nature products radix Aconiti lateralis preparata, rhizoma Zingiberis and cortex Cinnamomi on the sympathetic nervous system, adrenal gland, TSH and LH]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(11): 688-90, 704

148:  Li S, Guan S.
[Stability examination of beta-cyclodextrin inclusion compound of Zingiber officinale volatile oil]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(8): 481-3, 511

149:  Zhou Y, Xu R.
[Antioxidative effect of Chinese drugs]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(6): 368-9, 373 inside backcover

150:  Qian DS, Liu ZS.
[Pharmacologic studies of antimotion sickness actions of ginger]
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  12(2): 95-8, 70

151:  Peng P.
[Pharmacological study of Zingiber officinale (Willd.) Rosc. and its clinical use]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1992;  17(6): 370-3

152:  Zhang M, Shen Y, Xu Q.
[Effect of rhizoma Zingiberis on anoxic or cooled mice]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1991;  16(3): 170-2, 192

153:  Minematsu S, Taki M, Watanabe M, Takahashi M, Wakui Y, Ishihara K, Takeda S, Fujii Y.
[Effects of Shosaiko-to-go-keishikashakuyaku-to (TJ-960) on the valproic acid induced anomalies of rat fetuses]
Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   0
1990;  96(5): 265-73

154:  Gong QM, Wang SL, Gan C.
[A clinical study on the treatment of acute upper digestive tract hemorrhage with wen-she decoction]
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1989;  9(5): 272-3, 260

155:  Grontved A, Hentzer E.
Vertigo-reducing effect of ginger root. A controlled clinical study.
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec.    impact factor:   0
1986;  48(5): 282-6

156:  Suekawa M, Ishige A, Yuasa K, Sudo K, Aburada M, Hosoya E.
Pharmacological studies on ginger. I. Pharmacological actions of pungent constitutents, (6)-gingerol and (6)-shogaol.
J Pharmacobiodyn.    impact factor:   0
1984;  7(11): 836-48

157:  Okabe S, Takeuchi K, Ikenishi H, Ohmi F, Takaoka A.
[Effects of SM powder, a combined herbal preparation for stomach diseases, on gastric secretion and acute gastro-duodenal lesions in rats]
Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   0
1983;  81(4): 285-94

158:  Suzuki Y, Taguchi K, Hagiwara Y, Kajiyama K.
[Pharmacological studies on Zingiber Mioga (2). Effects of water extracts on the central nervous system (author's transl)]
Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   0
1979;  75(7): 731-46

159:  Kawasaki H, Gomita Y, Fukamachi K, Moriyama M, Ichimaru Y, Uchikado A, Nonaka G, Nishioka I.
[Behavioral and EEG effects of Zingiber mioga Roscoe (water soluble fraction) (author's transl)]
Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   0
1979;  75(6): 601-15

160:  Suzuki Y, Kajiyama K, Taguchi K, Hagiwara Y, Imada Y.
[Pharmacological studies on Zingiber mioga (ZM) (1). General pharmacological effects of water extracts (author's transl)]
Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   0
1979;  75(7): 669-82

161:  Raj RK.
Screening of indigenous plants for anthelmintic action against human Ascaris lumbricoides: Part--II.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol.    impact factor:   0
1975;  19(1): UNKNOWN

162:  Kucera M, Kucerova H.
Contribution to the knowledge of Nigerian medicinal plants. 3. Chromatographic studies on Zingiber officinale Roscoe.
J Chromatogr.    impact factor:   0
1974;  93(2): 421-8


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