Ingredient ID 403 
Chinese Pronunciation KUQIE 
English Name European Bittersweet Fruit  
Latin Name Fructus Solani Dulcamarae  
Cancers Sarcoma  
Identified Compounds

order by name

1. Soladulcidine

   C27H45NO2   415.66
NSC# 27592 Activity (but inactive >10uM)
NSC# 82181 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

2. Solamargine

   C45H73NO15   868.06
NSC# 407810 Activity (<10uM)

3. Alpha-solamarine

   C45H73NO16   884.06
NSC# 82149 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

4. Gamma1-solamarine

   C39H63NO11   721.92

5. Beta-solamarine

   C45H73NO15   868.06
NSC# 407810 Activity (<10uM)

6. Gamma2-solamarine

   C39H63NO11   721.92
NSC# 376459 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

7. Delta-solamarine

   C39H63NO12   737.92

8. Solasodine

   C27H43NO2   413.64
NSC# 178260 Activity (<10uM)
NSC# 179187 Activity (<10uM)

9. Solasonine

   C45H73NO16   884.06
NSC# 82149 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

10. Yamogenin

   C27H42O3   414.63

11. Tinosporine

   C20H22O6   358.39

Recipes that contain

    Available references (order by impact factor):

    1:  Edwards A, Vincken JP, Suurs LC, Visser RG, Zeeman S, Smith A, Martin C.
    Discrete forms of amylose are synthesized by isoforms of GBSSI in pea.
    Plant Cell.    impact factor:   10.463
    2002;  14(8): 1767-85

    2:  Kammerer B, Fischer K, Hilpert B, Schubert S, Gutensohn M, Weber A, Flugge UI.
    Molecular characterization of a carbon transporter in plastids from heterotrophic tissues: the glucose 6-phosphate/phosphate antiporter.
    Plant Cell.    impact factor:   10.463
    1998;  10(1): 105-17

    3:  Pastore D, Stoppelli MC, Di Fonzo N, Passarella S.
    The existence of the K(+) channel in plant mitochondria.
    J Biol Chem.    impact factor:   7.666
    1999;  274(38): 26683-90

    4:  Jezek P, Costa AD, Vercesi AE.
    Reconstituted plant uncoupling mitochondrial protein allows for proton translocation via fatty acid cycling mechanism.
    J Biol Chem.    impact factor:   7.666
    1997;  272(39): 24272-8

    5:  Jezek P, Costa AD, Vercesi AE.
    Evidence for anion-translocating plant uncoupling mitochondrial protein in potato mitochondria.
    J Biol Chem.    impact factor:   7.666
    1996;  271(51): 32743-8

    6:  Rosche E, Blackmore D, Tegeder M, Richardson T, Schroeder H, Higgins TJ, Frommer WB, Offler CE, Patrick JW.
    Seed-specific overexpression of a potato sucrose transporter increases sucrose uptake and growth rates of developing pea cotyledons.
    Plant J.    impact factor:   5.09
    2002;  30(2): 165-75

    7:  Bachem CW, Horvath B, Trindade L, Claassens M, Davelaar E, Jordi W, Visser RG.
    A potato tuber-expressed mRNA with homology to steroid dehydrogenases affects gibberellin levels and plant development.
    Plant J.    impact factor:   5.09
    2001;  25(6): 595-604

    8:  Monte E, Ludevid D, Prat S.
    Leaf C40.4: a carotenoid-associated protein involved in the modulation of photosynthetic efficiency?
    Plant J.    impact factor:   5.09
    1999;  19(4): 399-410

    9:  Dry I, Smith A, Edwards A, Bhattacharyya M, Dunn P, Martin C.
    Characterization of cDNAs encoding two isoforms of granule-bound starch synthase which show differential expression in developing storage organs of pea and potato.
    Plant J.    impact factor:   5.09
    1992;  2(2): 193-202

    10:  Kanayama Y, Dai N, Granot D, Petreikov M, Schaffer A, Bennett AB.
    Divergent fructokinase genes are differentially expressed in tomato.
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    1997;  113(4): 1379-84

    11:  Edwards A, Marshall J, Denyer K, Sidebottom C, Visser RG, Martin C, Smith AM.
    Evidence that a 77-kilodalton protein from the starch of pea embryos is an isoform of starch synthase that is both soluble and granule bound.
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    1996;  112(1): 89-97

    12:  Featherstone C.
    Vaccines by agriculture.
    Mol Med Today.    impact factor:   4.411
    1996;  2(7): 278-81

    13:  Raben A, Andersen K, Karberg MA, Holst JJ, Astrup A.
    Acetylation of or beta-cyclodextrin addition to potato beneficial effect on glucose metabolism and appetite sensations.
    Am J Clin Nutr.    impact factor:   3.958
    1997;  66(2): 304-14

    14:  Tagliabue A, Raben A, Heijnen ML, Deurenberg P, Pasquali E, Astrup A.
    The effect of raw potato starch on energy expenditure and substrate oxidation.
    Am J Clin Nutr.    impact factor:   3.958
    1995;  61(5): 1070-5

    15:  Muir JG, O'Dea K.
    Measurement of resistant starch: factors affecting the amount of starch escaping digestion in vitro.
    Am J Clin Nutr.    impact factor:   3.958
    1992;  56(1): 123-7

    16:  Oettle GJ, Emmett PM, Heaton KW.
    Glucose and insulin responses to manufactured and whole-food snacks.
    Am J Clin Nutr.    impact factor:   3.958
    1987;  45(1): 86-91

    17:  Nantes IL, Fagian MM, Catisti R, Arruda P, Maia IG, Vercesi AE.
    Low temperature and aging-promoted expression of PUMP in potato tuber mitochondria.
    FEBS Lett.    impact factor:   3.72
    1999;  457(1): 103-6

    18:  Rowan AD, Brzin J, Buttle DJ, Barrett AJ.
    Inhibition of cysteine proteinases by a protein inhibitor from potato.
    FEBS Lett.    impact factor:   3.72
    1990;  269(2): 328-30

    19:  Rodriguez-Palenzuela P, Burr TJ, Collmer A.
    Polygalacturonase is a virulence factor in Agrobacterium tumefaciens biovar 3.
    J Bacteriol.    impact factor:   3.712
    1991;  173(20): 6547-52

    20:  Pots AM, de Jongh HH, Gruppen H, Hamer RJ, Voragen AG.
    Heat-induced conformational changes of patatin, the major potato tuber protein.
    Eur J Biochem.    impact factor:   3.307
    1998;  252(1): 66-72

    21:  Molnar A, Lovas A, Banfalvi Z, Lakatos L, Polgar Z, Horvath S.
    Tissue-specific signal(s) activate the promoter of a metallocarboxypeptidase inhibitor gene family in potato tuber and berry.
    Plant Mol Biol.    impact factor:   3.102
    2001;  46(3): 301-11

    22:  Tu HM, Godfrey LW, Sun SS.
    Expression of the Brazil nut methionine-rich protein and mutants with increased methionine in transgenic potato.
    Plant Mol Biol.    impact factor:   3.102
    1998;  37(5): 829-38

    23:  Jackson S, Gascon J, Carrera E, Monte E, Prat S.
    Cloning and expression analysis of a gene that shows developmental regulation upon tuberization in potato.
    Plant Mol Biol.    impact factor:   3.102
    1997;  33(1): 169-74

    24:  Schunemann D, Schott K, Borchert S, Heldt HW.
    Evidence for the expression of the triosephosphate translocator gene in green and non-green tissue of tomato and potato.
    Plant Mol Biol.    impact factor:   3.102
    1996;  31(1): 101-11

    25:  Hunt MD, Eannetta NT, Yu H, Newman SM, Steffens JC.
    cDNA cloning and expression of potato polyphenol oxidase.
    Plant Mol Biol.    impact factor:   3.102
    1993;  21(1): 59-68

    26:  Lubaretz O, Zur Nieden U.
    Accumulation of plant small heat-stress proteins in storage organs.
    Planta.    impact factor:   2.977
    2002;  215(2): 220-8

    27:  Jackson SD, Sonnewald U, Willmitzer L.
    Characterization of a gene that is expressed in leaves at higher levels upon tuberisation in potato and upon flowering in tobacco.
    Planta.    impact factor:   2.977
    1993;  189(4): 593-6

    28:  Knapp S.
    Tobacco to tomatoes: a phylogenetic perspective on fruit diversity in the Solanaceae.
    J Exp Bot.    impact factor:   2.482
    2002;  53(377): 2001-22

    29:  Field LM, Javed N, Stribley MF, Devonshire AL.
    The peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae and the tobacco aphid Myzus nicotianae have the same esterase-based mechanisms of insecticide resistance.
    Insect Mol Biol.    impact factor:   2.412
    1994;  3(3): 143-8

    30:  McCurrach PM, Kilpatrick DC.
    Purification of potato lectin (Solanum tuberosum agglutinin) from tubers or fruits using chromatofocusing.
    Anal Biochem.    impact factor:   2.146
    1986;  154(2): 492-6

    31:  Zabrouskov V, Knowles NR.
    Changes in lipid molecular species and sterols of microsomal membranes during aging of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) seed-tubers.
    Lipids.    impact factor:   2.04
    2002;  37(3): 309-15

    32:  Cummings JH, Beatty ER, Kingman SM, Bingham SA, Englyst HN.
    Digestion and physiological properties of resistant starch in the human large bowel.
    Br J Nutr.    impact factor:   1.944
    1996;  75(5): 733-47

    33:  Englyst HN, Kingman SM, Hudson GJ, Cummings JH.
    Measurement of resistant starch in vitro and in vivo.
    Br J Nutr.    impact factor:   1.944
    1996;  75(5): 749-55

    34:  Curtis RH.
    Identification and in situ and in vitro characterization of secreted proteins produced by plant-parasitic nematodes.
    Parasitology.    impact factor:   1.868
    1996;  113 ( Pt 6): 589-97

    35:  Masuelli RW.
    Mitotic-cycle time and the development of embryo and endosperm in compatible and incompatible crosses in tuber-bearing Solanum species.
    Genome.    impact factor:   1.847
    2001;  44(3): 426-31

    36:  Morris J, Barker DJ, Nelson M.
    Diet, infection, and acute appendicitis in Britain and Ireland.
    J Epidemiol Community Health.    impact factor:   1.827
    1987;  41(1): 44-9

    37:  Arif M, Setford SJ, Burton KS, Tothill IE.
    L-malic acid biosensor for field-based evaluation of apple, potato and tomato horticultural produce.
    Analyst.    impact factor:   1.677
    2002;  127(1): 104-8

    38:  Filtenborg O, Frisvad JC, Thrane U.
    Moulds in food spoilage.
    Int J Food Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.673
    1996;  33(1): 85-102

    39:  Hamburg A, Puvanesarajah V, Burnett TJ, Barnekow DE, Premkumar ND, Smith GA.
    Comparative degradation of [14C]-2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid in wheat and potato after Foliar application and in wheat, radish, lettuce, and apple after soil application.
    J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
    2001;  49(1): 146-55

    40:  Siegmund B, Leitner E, Pfannhauser W.
    Determination of the nicotine content of various edible nightshades (Solanaceae) and their products and estimation of the associated dietary nicotine intake.
    J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
    1999;  47(8): 3113-20

    41:  Tang H, Belton PS, Ng A, Ryden P.
    13C MAS NMR studies of the effects of hydration on the cell walls of potatoes and Chinese water chestnuts.
    J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
    1999;  47(2): 510-7

    42:  Van Praag E.
    Use of 3-D computer modelling and kinetic studies to analyse grapefruit pyrophosphate-dependent phosphofructokinase.
    Int J Biol Macromol.    impact factor:   1.514
    1997;  21(4): 307-17

    43:  Shamloul AM, Faggioli F, Keith JM, Hadidi A.
    A novel multiplex RT-PCR probe capture hybridization (RT-PCR-ELISA) for simultaneous detection of six viroids in four genera: Apscaviroid, Hostuviroid, Pelamoviroid, and Pospiviroid.
    J Virol Methods.    impact factor:   1.505
    2002;  105(1): 115-21

    44:  Shamloul AM, Hadidi A.
    Sensitive detection of potato spindle tuber and temperate fruit tree viroids by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction-probe capture hybridization.
    J Virol Methods.    impact factor:   1.505
    1999;  80(2): 145-55

    45:  Podleckis EV, Hammond RW, Hurtt SS, Hadidi A.
    Chemiluminescent detection of potato and pome fruit viroids by digoxigenin-labeled dot blot and tissue blot hybridization.
    J Virol Methods.    impact factor:   1.505
    1993;  43(2): 147-58

    46:  Welnicki M, Hiruki C.
    Highly sensitive digoxigenin-labelled DNA probe for the detection of potato spindle tuber viroid.
    J Virol Methods.    impact factor:   1.505
    1992;  39(1-2): 91-9

    47:  Keeler RF, Baker DC, Gaffield W.
    Spirosolane-containing Solanum species and induction of congenital craniofacial malformations.
    Toxicon.    impact factor:   1.248
    1990;  28(8): 873-84

    48:  Cummings JH, Englyst HN.
    Measurement of starch fermentation in the human large intestine.
    Can J Physiol Pharmacol.    impact factor:   1.245
    1991;  69(1): 121-9

    49:  Chen BY, Janes HW, Gianfagna T.
    PCR cloning and characterization of multiple ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase cDNAs from tomato.
    Plant Sci.    impact factor:   1.015
    1998;  136(1): 59-67

    50:  Bushway RJ, Li L, Paradis LR, Perkins LB.
    Determination of thiabendazole in potatoes, fruits, and their processed products by liquid chromatography.
    J AOAC Int.    impact factor:   .95
    1995;  78(3): 815-20

    51:  Ambrus A.
    Within and between field variability of residue data and sampling implications.
    Food Addit Contam.    impact factor:   .879
    2000;  17(7): 519-37

    52:  Flint GN, Packirisamy S.
    Purity of food cooked in stainless steel utensils.
    Food Addit Contam.    impact factor:   .879
    1997;  14(2): 115-26

    53:  Lahti A.
    Contact urticaria to plants.
    Clin Dermatol.    impact factor:   .855
    1986;  4(2): 127-36

    54:  Gates RS, Pitt RE, Ruina A, Cooke JR.
    Cell wall elastic constitutive laws and stress-strain behavior of plant vegetative tissue.
    Biorheology.    impact factor:   .727
    1986;  23(5): 453-66

    55:  Mousa O, Vuorela P, Kiviranta J, Wahab SA, Hiltunen R, Vuorela H.
    Bioactivity of certain Egyptian Ficus species.
    J Ethnopharmacol.    impact factor:   .687
    1994;  41(1-2): 71-6

    56:  Linke HA, Moss SJ, Arav L, Chiu PM.
    Intra-oral lactic acid production during clearance of different foods containing various carbohydrates.
    Z Ernahrungswiss.    impact factor:   .679
    1997;  36(2): 191-7

    57:  Chagvardieff P, Dimon B, Souleimanov A, Massimino D, Le Bras S, Pean M, Louche-Teissandier D.
    Effects of modified atmosphere on crop productivity and mineral content.
    Adv Space Res.    impact factor:   .521
    1997;  20(10): 1971-4

    58:  Akers SW, Mitchell CA.
    Seismic stress effects on reproductive structures of tomato, potato, and marigold.
    HortScience.    impact factor:   .514
    1985;  20(4): 684-6

    59:  Wandel M.
    Dietary intake of fruits and vegetables in Norway: influence of life phase and socio-economic factors.
    Int J Food Sci Nutr.    impact factor:   .309
    1995;  46(3): 291-301

    60:  Wang CM, Ohta S, Shinoda M.
    [Studies on chemical protectors against radiation. XXXII. Protective effects of methanol extracts of various Taiwan crude drugs on radiation injuries]
    Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
    1990;  110(11): 885-9

    61:  Acevedo E, Bressani R.
    [Dietary fiber content and nitrogen digestibility in Central American foods: Guatemala]
    Arch Latinoam Nutr.    impact factor:   .149
    1990;  40(3): 439-51

    62:  Schmidt MH, Raulf-Heimsoth M, Posch A.
    Evaluation of patatin as a major cross-reactive allergen in latex-induced potato allergy.
    Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol.    impact factor:   0
    2002;  89(6): 613-8

    63:  Horowitz JM.
    10 foods that pack a wallop.
    Time.    impact factor:   0
    2002;  159(3): 76-81

    64:  Schlettwein-Gsell D, Brubacher D, Schroll Bjornsbo K, Inelmen EM, Haller J, van Staveren W.
    Fruit and vegetable servings in ten SENECA towns and the impact of the midday meal.
    J Nutr Health Aging.    impact factor:   0
    2001;  5(4): 230-4

    65:  Sehnke PC, Chung HJ, Wu K, Ferl RJ.
    Regulation of starch accumulation by granule-associated plant 14-3-3 proteins.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
    2001;  98(2): 765-70

    66:  Frusciante L, Barone A, Carputo D, Ercolano MR, della Rocca F, Esposito S.
    Evaluation and use of plant biodiversity for food and pharmaceuticals.
    Fitoterapia.    impact factor:   0
    2000;  71 Suppl 1: S66-72

    67:  Chakraborty S, Chakraborty N, Datta A.
    Increased nutritive value of transgenic potato by expressing a nonallergenic seed albumin gene from Amaranthus hypochondriacus.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
    2000;  97(7): 3724-9

    68:  Stark RE, Yan B, Ray AK, Chen Z, Fang X, Garbow JR.
    NMR studies of structure and dynamics in fruit cuticle polyesters.
    Solid State Nucl Magn Reson.    impact factor:   0
    2000;  16(1-2): 37-45

    69:  Atkinson CF, Alim JK, Loader CA, Sager JC.
    Extraction and use of nutrients from composted wheat and potato plants.
    Life Support Biosph Sci.    impact factor:   0
    1999;  6(2): 67-71

    70:  Greene TW, Hannah LC.
    Enhanced stability of maize endosperm ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase is gained through mutants that alter subunit interactions.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
    1998;  95(22): 13342-7

    71:  Kopylov VA, Kuzin AM, Revin AF, Baranova IA.
    [The effect of low doses of a synthetic analog of a quinoid radiotoxin on the viability of normal and gamma-irradiated animals]
    Radiats Biol Radioecol.    impact factor:   0
    1996;  36(3): 349-54

    72:  Alconada TM, Martinez MJ.
    [Isolation of protoplasts from vegetable tissues using extracellular lytic enzymes from fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis]
    Rev Argent Microbiol.    impact factor:   0
    1995;  27(4): 191-7

    73:  Petersen BJ, Barraj LM, Muenz LR, Harrison SL.
    An alternative approach to dietary exposure assessment.
    Risk Anal.    impact factor:   0
    1994;  14(6): 913-6

    74:  Fuchs RL, Ream JE, Hammond BG, Naylor MW, Leimgruber RM, Berberich SA.
    Safety assessment of the neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPTII) protein.
    Biotechnology (N Y).    impact factor:   0
    1993;  11(13): 1543-7

    75:  Sullivan JJ, Hollingworth TA, Wekell MM, Meo VA, Saba HH, Etemad-Moghadam A, Eklund C, Phillips JG, Gump BH.
    Determination of total sulfite in shrimp, potatoes, dried pineapple, and white wine by flow injection analysis: collaborative study.
    J Assoc Off Anal Chem.    impact factor:   0
    1990;  73(1): 35-42

    76:  Jena PK, Reddy AS, Poovaiah BW.
    Molecular cloning and sequencing of a cDNA for plant calmodulin: signal-induced changes in the expression of calmodulin.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
    1989;  86(10): 3644-8

    77:  Taylor SL, Bush RK, Selner JC, Nordlee JA, Wiener MB, Holden K, Koepke JW, Busse WW.
    Sensitivity to sulfited foods among sulfite-sensitive subjects with asthma.
    J Allergy Clin Immunol.    impact factor:   0
    1988;  81(6): 1159-67


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