Ingredient ID 462 
Chinese Pronunciation TIANCAIGEN 
English Name Beet Root  
Latin Name Radix Betae  
Aliases ChuJunDaEr
Cancers Leukemia  
Identified Compounds

order by name

1. Lydine

   C5H11NO2   117.15

2. Betaxanthin


3. Choline

   C5H14NO   104.17

4. Ferulic Acid

   C10H10O4   194.19

5. Caryophyllin

   C30H48O3   456.71
NSC# 4060 Activity (<10uM)
NSC# 167406 Activity (<10uM)

6. Vulgaxanthin I

   C14H17N3O7   339.3

7. Vulgaxanthin Ii

   C14H16N2O8   340.29

Recipes that contain

    Available references (order by impact factor):

    1:  Cai D, Kleine M, Kifle S, Harloff HJ, Sandal NN, Marcker KA, Klein-Lankhorst RM, Salentijn EM, Lange W, Stiekema WJ, Wyss U, Grundler FM, Jung C.
    Positional cloning of a gene for nematode resistance in sugar beet.
    Science.    impact factor:   24.595
    1997;  275(5301): 832-4

    2:  Allen GJ, Muir SR, Sanders D.
    Release of Ca2+ from individual plant vacuoles by both InsP3 and cyclic ADP-ribose.
    Science.    impact factor:   24.595
    1995;  268(5211): 735-7

    3:  Barthels N, van der Lee FM, Klap J, Goddijn OJ, Karimi M, Puzio P, Grundler FM, Ohl SA, Lindsey K, Robertson L, Robertson WM, Van Montagu M, Gheysen G, Sijmons PC.
    Regulatory sequences of Arabidopsis drive reporter gene expression in nematode feeding structures.
    Plant Cell.    impact factor:   10.463
    1997;  9(12): 2119-34

    4:  Brosnan JM, Sanders D.
    Identification and Characterization of High-Affinity Binding Sites for Inositol Trisphosphate in Red Beet.
    Plant Cell.    impact factor:   10.463
    1993;  5(8): 931-940

    5:  Susin S, Abian J, Sanchez-Baeza F, Peleato ML, Abadia A, Gelpi E, Abadia J.
    Riboflavin 3'- and 5'-sulfate, two novel flavins accumulating in the roots of iron-deficient sugar beet (Beta vulgaris).
    J Biol Chem.    impact factor:   7.666
    1993;  268(28): 20958-65

    6:  Manolson MF, Rea PA, Poole RJ.
    Identification of 3-O-(4-benzoyl)benzoyladenosine 5'-triphosphate- and N,N'-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide-binding subunits of a higher plant H+-translocating tonoplast ATPase.
    J Biol Chem.    impact factor:   7.666
    1985;  260(22): 12273-9

    7:  Urwin PE, Lilley CJ, McPherson MJ, Atkinson HJ.
    Resistance to both cyst and root-knot nematodes conferred by transgenic Arabidopsis expressing a modified plant cystatin.
    Plant J.    impact factor:   5.09
    1997;  12(2): 455-61

    8:  Bartholomew DM, Van Dyk DE, Lau SM, O'Keefe DP, Rea PA, Viitanen PV.
    Alternate energy-dependent pathways for the vacuolar uptake of glucose and glutathione conjugates.
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    2002;  130(3): 1562-72

    9:  Lopez-Millan AF, Morales F, Andaluz S, Gogorcena Y, Abadia A, De Las Rivas J, Abadia J.
    Responses of sugar beet roots to iron deficiency. Changes in carbon assimilation and oxygen use.
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    2000;  124(2): 885-98

    10:  Schliemann W, Kobayashi N, Strack D.
    The decisive step in betaxanthin biosynthesis is a spontaneous reaction1
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    1999;  119(4): 1217-32

    11:  Susin S, Abadia A, Gonzalez-Reyes JA, Lucena JJ, Abadia J.
    The pH Requirement for in Vivo Activity of the Iron-Deficiency-Induced "Turbo" Ferric Chelate Reductase (A Comparison of the Iron-Deficiency-Induced Iron Reductase Activities of Intact Plants and Isolated Plasma Membrane Fractions in Sugar Beet).
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    1996;  110(1): 111-123

    12:  Luethy MH, Thelen JJ, Knudten AF, Elthon TE.
    Purification, Characterization, and Submitochondrial Localization of a 58-Kilodalton NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase.
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    1995;  107(2): 443-450

    13:  Getz HP, Klein M.
    Characteristics of Sucrose Transport and Sucrose-Induced H+ Transport on the Tonoplast of Red Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Storage Tissue.
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    1995;  107(2): 459-467

    14:  Getz HP, Grosclaude J, Kurkdjian A, Lelievre F, Maretzki A, Guern J.
    Immunological Evidence for the Existence of a Carrier Protein for Sucrose Transport in Tonoplast Vesicles from Red Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) Root Storage Tissue.
    Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
    1993;  102(3): 751-760

    15:  Lane BG.
    Oxalate oxidases and differentiating surface structure in wheat: germins.
    Biochem J.    impact factor:   4.349
    2000;  349(Pt 1): 309-21

    16:  Carpaneto A, Cantu AM, Gambale F.
    Redox agents regulate ion channel activity in vacuoles from higher plant cells.
    FEBS Lett.    impact factor:   3.72
    1999;  442(2-3): 129-32

    17:  Johannes E, Sanders D.
    The voltage-gated Ca2+ release channel in the vacuolar membrane of sugar beet resides in two activity states.
    FEBS Lett.    impact factor:   3.72
    1995;  365(1): 1-6

    18:  MacFarlane SA, Popovich AH.
    Efficient expression of foreign proteins in roots from tobravirus vectors.
    Virology.    impact factor:   3.548
    2000;  267(1): 29-35

    19:  Lemaire O, Merdinoglu D, Valentin P, Putz C, Ziegler-Graff V, Guilley H, Jonard G, Richards K.
    Effect of beet necrotic yellow vein virus RNA composition on transmission by Polymyxa betae.
    Virology.    impact factor:   3.548
    1988;  162(1): 232-5

    20:  Nielsen TH, Sorensen D, Tobiasen C, Andersen JB, Christophersen C, Givskov M, Sorensen J.
    Antibiotic and biosurfactant properties of cyclic lipopeptides produced by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. from the sugar beet rhizosphere.
    Appl Environ Microbiol.    impact factor:   3.541
    2002;  68(7): 3416-23

    21:  Moenne-Loccoz Y, Tichy HV, O'Donnell A, Simon R, O'Gara F.
    Impact of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol-producing biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 on intraspecific diversity of resident culturable fluorescent pseudomonads associated with the roots of field-grown sugar beet seedlings.
    Appl Environ Microbiol.    impact factor:   3.541
    2001;  67(8): 3418-25

    22:  Bosch U, Mirocha CJ.
    Toxin production by Fusarium species from sugar beets and natural occurrence of zearalenone in beets and beet fibers.
    Appl Environ Microbiol.    impact factor:   3.541
    1992;  58(10): 3233-9

    23:  Wubben MJ 2nd, Su H, Rodermel SR, Baum TJ.
    Susceptibility to the sugar beet cyst nematode is modulated by ethylene signal transduction in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Mol Plant Microbe Interact.    impact factor:   3.331
    2001;  14(10): 1206-12

    24:  Hesse H, Willmitzer L.
    Expression analysis of a sucrose synthase gene from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.).
    Plant Mol Biol.    impact factor:   3.102
    1996;  30(5): 863-72

    25:  Ishitani M, Nakamura T, Han SY, Takabe T.
    Expression of the betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase gene in barley in response to osmotic stress and abscisic acid.
    Plant Mol Biol.    impact factor:   3.102
    1995;  27(2): 307-15

    26:  Muller-Rober B, Nast G, Willmitzer L.
    Isolation and expression analysis of cDNA clones encoding a small and a large subunit of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase from sugar beet.
    Plant Mol Biol.    impact factor:   3.102
    1995;  27(1): 191-7

    27:  Haeberle AM, Stussi-Garaud C.
    In situ localization of the non-structural protein P25 encoded by beet necrotic yellow vein virus RNA 3.
    J Gen Virol.    impact factor:   3.061
    1995;  76 ( Pt 3): 643-50

    28:  Koenig R, Jarausch W, Li Y, Commandeur U, Burgermeister W, Gehrke M, Luddecke P.
    Effect of recombinant beet necrotic yellow vein virus with different RNA compositions on mechanically inoculated sugarbeets.
    J Gen Virol.    impact factor:   3.061
    1991;  72 ( Pt 9): 2243-6

    29:  Raya JC, Gonzalez de la Vara LE.
    Purification and characterization of a probable light receptor with kinase activity from beet root plasma membranes.
    Planta.    impact factor:   2.977
    2001;  213(5): 802-10

    30:  Lino B, Baizabal-Aguirre VM, Gonzalez de la Vara LE.
    The plasma-membrane H(+)-ATPase from beet root is inhibited by a calcium-dependent phosphorylation.
    Planta.    impact factor:   2.977
    1998;  204(3): 352-9

    31:  Pottosin II, Dobrovinskaya OR, Muniz J.
    Conduction of monovalent and divalent cations in the slow vacuolar channel.
    J Membr Biol.    impact factor:   2.973
    2001;  181(1): 55-65

    32:  Hesse H, Sonnewald U, Willmitzer L.
    Cloning and expression analysis of sucrose-phosphate synthase from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.).
    Mol Gen Genet.    impact factor:   2.539
    1995;  247(4): 515-20

    33:  Lalljie SP, Vindevogel J, Sandra P.
    Quantitation of organic acids in sugar refinery juices with capillary zone electrophoresis and indirect UV detection.
    J Chromatogr A.    impact factor:   2.52
    1993;  652(2): 563-9

    34:  Mitchell SC.
    Food idiosyncrasies: beetroot and asparagus.
    Drug Metab Dispos.    impact factor:   2.519
    2001;  29(4 Pt 2): 539-43

    35:  Kloos DU, Oltmanns H, Dock C, Stahl D, Hehl R.
    Isolation and molecular analysis of six taproot expressed genes from sugar beet.
    J Exp Bot.    impact factor:   2.482
    2002;  53(373): 1533-4

    36:  Rosenkranz H, Vogel R, Greiner S, Rausch T.
    In wounded sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) tap-root, hexose accumulation correlates with the induction of a vacuolar invertase isoform.
    J Exp Bot.    impact factor:   2.482
    2001;  52(365): 2381-5

    37:  Thrane C, Harder Nielsen T, Neiendam Nielsen M, Sorensen J, Olsson S.
    Viscosinamide-producing Pseudomonas fluorescens DR54 exerts a biocontrol effect on Pythium ultimum in sugar beet rhizosphere.
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol.    impact factor:   2.405
    2000;  33(2): 139-146

    38:  Lubeck PS, Hansen M, Sorensen J.
    Simultaneous detection of the establishment of seed-inoculated Pseudomonas fluorescens strain DR54 and native soil bacteria on sugar beet root surfaces using fluorescence antibody and in situ hybridization techniques.
    FEMS Microbiol Ecol.    impact factor:   2.405
    2000;  33(1): 11-19

    39:  Russell VE, Klein U, Reuveni M, Spaeth DD, Wolfersberger MG, Harvey WR.
    Antibodies to mammalian and plant V-ATPases cross react with the V-ATPase of insect cation-transporting plasma membranes.
    J Exp Biol.    impact factor:   2.354
    1992;  166: 131-43

    40:  Frape DL, Jones AM.
    Chronic and postprandial responses of plasma insulin, glucose and lipids in volunteers given dietary fibre supplements.
    Br J Nutr.    impact factor:   1.944
    1995;  73(5): 733-51

    41:  Scholten OE, Paul H, Peters D, Van Lent JW, Goldbach RW.
    In situ localisation of beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) in rootlets of susceptible and resistant beet plants.
    Arch Virol.    impact factor:   1.591
    1994;  136(3-4): 349-61

    42:  Kaufmann A, Koenig R, Lesemann DE.
    Tissue print-immunoblotting reveals an uneven distribution of beet necrotic yellow vein and beet soil-borne viruses in sugarbeets.
    Arch Virol.    impact factor:   1.591
    1992;  126(1-4): 329-35

    43:  Escribano J, Gandia-Herrero F, Caballero N, Pedreno MA.
    Subcellular localization and isoenzyme pattern of peroxidase and polyphenol oxidase in beet root (Beta vulgaris L.).
    J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
    2002;  50(21): 6123-9

    44:  Wettasinghe M, Bolling B, Plhak L, Xiao H, Parkin K.
    Phase II enzyme-inducing and antioxidant activities of beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.) extracts from phenotypes of different pigmentation.
    J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
    2002;  50(23): 6704-9

    45:  Walker R, Rossall S, Asher MJ.
    Colonization of the developing rhizosphere of sugar beet seedlings by potential biocontrol agents applied as seed treatments.
    J Appl Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.521
    2002;  92(2): 228-37

    46:  Kapadia GJ, Tokuda H, Konoshima T, Nishino H.
    Chemoprevention of lung and skin cancer by Beta vulgaris (beet) root extract.
    Cancer Lett.    impact factor:   1.518
    1996;  100(1-2): 211-4

    47:  Konovalov AA.
    [Viable mutant homozygotes at Adh1 locus in sugar beet and their combination ablility]
    Genetika.    impact factor:   1.44
    2000;  36(10): 1380-7

    48:  Nemec P, Betina V.
    Permeability alterations in beet root Beta vulgaris var. rubra caused by amphotericin B.
    J Antibiot (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.347
    1968;  21(10): 626-7

    49:  Yoshikawa M, Murakami T, Kadoya M, Matsuda H, Muraoka O, Yamahara J, Murakami N.
    Medicinal foodstuff. III. Sugar beet. (1): Hypoglycemic oleanolic acid oligoglycosides, betavulgarosides I, II, III, and IV, from the root of Beta vulgaris L. (Chenopodiaceae).
    Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo).    impact factor:   1.117
    1996;  44(6): 1212-7

    50:  Kobayashi N, Schmidt J, Wray V, Schliemann W.
    Formation and occurrence of dopamine-derived betacyanins.
    Phytochemistry.    impact factor:   1.106
    2001;  56(5): 429-36

    51:  Wende G, Waldron KW, Smith AC, Brett CT.
    Tissue-specific developmental changes in cell-wall ferulate and dehydrodiferulates in sugar beet.
    Phytochemistry.    impact factor:   1.106
    2000;  55(2): 103-10

    52:  Roddick JG, Leonard AL.
    Amelioration by glucose-6-phosphate and NADP of potato glycoalkaloid inhibition in cell, enzyme and liposome assays.
    Phytochemistry.    impact factor:   1.106
    1999;  51(1): 23-7

    53:  Costa JM, Loper JE.
    EcbI and EcbR: homologs of LuxI and LuxR affecting antibiotic and exoenzyme production by Erwinia carotovora subsp. betavasculorum.
    Can J Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.072
    1997;  43(12): 1164-71

    54:  Debette J, Blondeau R.
    [Presence of Pseudomonas maltophilia in the rhizosphere of several cultivated plants]
    Can J Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.072
    1980;  26(4): 460-3

    55:  Roberts DL, Herr LJ.
    Superiority of a soil debris isolation method over a beet seed colonization method for assay of Rhizoctonia solani at high soil inoculum densities.
    Can J Microbiol.    impact factor:   1.072
    1979;  25(1): 110-3

    56:  Yu MH.
    Registration of M1-2 Beet Germplasm Resistant to Root-Knot Nematode.
    Crop Sci.    impact factor:   .728
    2002;  42(1): 317-318

    57:  Pavlov A, Kovatcheva P, Georgiev V, Koleva I, Ilieva M.
    Biosynthesis and radical scavenging activity of betalains during the cultivation of red beet (Beta vulgaris) hairy root cultures.
    Z Naturforsch [C].    impact factor:   .709
    2002;  57(7-8): 640-4

    58:  Wasilewska LD, Cherry JH.
    Hybridization of labelled RNA to DNA from sugar beet root.
    Acta Biochim Pol.    impact factor:   .569
    1974;  21(3): 355-64

    59:  Wasilewska LD, Cherry JH.
    Polyribosome formation and RNA synthesis after breaking the dormancy of sugar beet root.
    Acta Biochim Pol.    impact factor:   .569
    1974;  21(3): 339-54

    60:  Hitaka Y, Takahashi Y, Kino-oka M, Taya M, Tone S.
    Culture of red beet hairy roots by considering variation in sensitivity of tip meristems to hydraulic stress.
    Biochem Eng J.    impact factor:   .566
    2000;  6(1): 1-6

    61:  Wang M, Goldman IL.
    Accumulation and distribution of free folic acid content in red beet (Beta vulgaris L.).
    Plant Foods Hum Nutr.    impact factor:   .133
    1997;  50(1): 1-8

    62:  Levinskikh MA.
    [Comparison of productivity of different vitamin green technologies under the space station conditions]
    Aviakosm Ekolog Med.    impact factor:   0
    2002;  36(2): 23-5

    63:  Lazaridou A, Biliaderis CG, Roukas T, Izydorczyk M.
    Production and characterization of pullulan from beet molasses using a nonpigmented strain of Aureobasidium pullulans in batch culture.
    Appl Biochem Biotechnol.    impact factor:   0
    2002;  97(1): 1-22

    64:  Ozolina NV, Pradedova EV, Salyaev RK.
    Relation between ionic and hormonal regulation of proton pumps in red beet tonoplast.
    Membr Cell Biol.    impact factor:   0
    2001;  14(4): 497-501

    65:  Russo A, Basaglia M, Tola E, Casella S.
    Survival, root colonisation and biocontrol capacities of Pseudomonas fluorescens F113 LacZY in dry alginate microbeads.
    J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol.    impact factor:   0
    2001;  27(6): 337-42

    66:  Makarenko SP, Konenkina TA, Salyaev RK.
    Characteristics of fatty acid composition of lipids in higher plant vacuolar membranes.
    Membr Cell Biol.    impact factor:   0
    2000;  13(5): 687-95

    67:  Navazio L, Bewell MA, Siddiqua A, Dickinson GD, Galione A, Sanders D.
    Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum of higher plants elicited by the NADP metabolite nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
    2000;  97(15): 8693-8

    68:  Suarez MB, Grondona I, Garcia-Benavides P, Monte E, Garcia-Acha I.
    Characterization of beet necrotic yellow vein furovirus from Spanish sugar beets.
    Int Microbiol.    impact factor:   0
    1999;  2(2): 87-92

    69:  Makarenko SP, Salyaev RK.
    The structure of plant vacuolar membranes according to infrared spectroscopy.
    Membr Cell Biol.    impact factor:   0
    1998;  12(3): 385-400

    70:  Villanueva MJ, Rodriguez MD, Redondo A, Saco MD.
    Effect of autoclaving on dietary fibre content of beet root (Beta vulgaris). Evaluation by different methods.
    Z Lebensm Unters Forsch.    impact factor:   0
    1996;  203(4): 345-50

    71:  Russo A, Moenne-Loccoz Y, Fedi S, Higgins P, Fenton A, Dowling DN, O'Regan M, O'Gara F.
    Improved delivery of biocontrol Pseudomonas and their antifungal metabolites using alginate polymers.
    Appl Microbiol Biotechnol.    impact factor:   0
    1996;  44(6): 740-5

    72:  Tulemisova KA, Chormonova NT.
    [Search for actinomycetes--antagonists of fungi causing sugar beet root rot]
    Antibiot Khimioter.    impact factor:   0
    1989;  34(11): 816-9

    73:  Jentsch W, Hoffmann L, Schiemann R.
    [The energy utilization of root vegetables and their processed products by adult swine]
    Arch Tierernahr.    impact factor:   0
    1989;  39(12): 981-92

    74:  Zalewski W, Syrocka K, Oprzadek K.
    [Determination of elements hazardous to health in vegetables grown in the Siedlece district]
    Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig.    impact factor:   0
    1989;  40(1): 16-20

    75:  Anbudurai PR, Mannan RM, Bose S.
    Effect of methyl parathion on betacyanin efflux from beet root discs.
    Bull Environ Contam Toxicol.    impact factor:   0
    1986;  37(3): 448-52

    76:  Bolygo E, Zakar F.
    Gas-liquid chromatographic screening method for six synthetic pyrethroid insecticides.
    J Assoc Off Anal Chem.    impact factor:   0
    1983;  66(4): 1013-7

    77:  Kleeberg J.
    Relationship between beet root pigment and uric acid crystals.
    Isr J Med Sci.    impact factor:   0
    1976;  12(1): 73-6

    78:  Soboleva GA, Ul'ianova MS, Zakharova NS, Bokuchava MA.
    [Study of betacyanin-discolorating enzyme]
    Biokhimiia.    impact factor:   0
    1976;  41(6): 968-74

    79:  Bilai VI, Pozhar ZA, Dymovich VA, Pshenichuk RF.
    [Primary selection of active strains of penicillia and their utilization for controlling sugar beet black root]
    Mikrobiol Zh.    impact factor:   0
    1976;  38(5): 580-2

    80:  Gres' IuA.
    [Fungus diseases of sugar beet leaf and root aphids]
    Mikrobiol Zh.    impact factor:   0
    1975;  37(2): 185-90


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