Ingredient ID 501 
Chinese Pronunciation BOHE 
English Name Peppermint  
Latin Name Herba Menthae  
Aliases YeBoHe
Cancers Uterus  
Identified Compounds

order by name

1. D-8-acetoxycarvotanaceto-ne

   C12H18O3   210.27

2. Camphene

   C10H16   136.24

3. Isomenthone

   C10H18O   154.25

4. Limonene

   C10H16   136.24
NSC# 844 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

5. Menthol

   C10H20O   156.27

6. Menthone

   C10H18O   154.25

7. Menthyl Acetate

   C12H22O2   198.3

8. Myrcene

   C10H16   136.24

9. Pentanol

   C5H12O   88.15

10. Pinene

   C10H16   136.24

11. Pulegone

   C10H16O   152.24

12. Rosmarinic Acid

   C18H16O8   360.32

13. Alpha-terpineol

   C10H18O   154.25

14. Tetraacetylbrazilin

   C24H22O9   454.43

15. Decyl Acetate

   C12H24O2   200.32

Recipes that contain
  1. 67      DiXuanTang
  2. 181      HaoXiongRuMoSan
  3. 292      GanAiFang
  4. 317      BiAiFang
  5. 324      FuFangZiCaoGenTang
  6. 472      HaoQiongRuMoSan

Available references (order by impact factor):

1:  Pape LA.
Problems of peppermint-flavored lidocaine.
N Engl J Med.    impact factor:   28.857
1980;  302(2): 121-2

2:  Fogdall RP.
Problems of peppermint-flavored lidocaine.
N Engl J Med.    impact factor:   28.857
1980;  302(2): 121

3:  Bromage PR.
Problems of peppermint-flavored lidocaine.
N Engl J Med.    impact factor:   28.857
1980;  302(2): 121

4:  Berman TM.
Peppermint-flavored lidocaine.
N Engl J Med.    impact factor:   28.857
1979;  301(8): 437

5:  Coopersmith R, Leon M.
Enhanced neural response to familiar olfactory cues.
Science.    impact factor:   24.595
1984;  225(4664): 849-51

6:  Hills JM, Aaronson PI.
The mechanism of action of peppermint oil on gastrointestinal smooth muscle. An analysis using patch clamp electrophysiology and isolated tissue pharmacology in rabbit and guinea pig.
Gastroenterology.    impact factor:   12.182
1991;  101(1): 55-65

7:  Kingham JG.
Peppermint oil and colon spasm.
Lancet.    impact factor:   10.197
1995;  346(8981): 986

8:  [No authors listed]
Peppermint oil.
Lancet.    impact factor:   10.197
1988;  2(8602): 98-9

9:  [No authors listed]
Hole for the mint.
Lancet.    impact factor:   10.197
1988;  1(8595): 1144-5

10:  Leicester RJ, Hunt RH.
Peppermint oil to reduce colonic spasm during endoscopy.
Lancet.    impact factor:   10.197
1982;  2(8305): 989

11:  Jailwala J, Imperiale TF, Kroenke K.
Pharmacologic treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome: a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials.
Ann Intern Med.    impact factor:   10.097
2000;  133(2): 136-47

12:  Mahmoud SS, Croteau RB.
Strategies for transgenic manipulation of monoterpene biosynthesis in plants.
Trends Plant Sci.    impact factor:   9.35
2002;  7(8): 366-73

13:  Wilson DA, Sullivan RM, Leon M.
Single-unit analysis of postnatal olfactory learning: modified olfactory bulb output response patterns to learned attractive odors.
J Neurosci.    impact factor:   8.955
1987;  7(10): 3154-62

14:  Alonso WR, Rajaonarivony JI, Gershenzon J, Croteau R.
Purification of 4S-limonene synthase, a monoterpene cyclase from the glandular trichomes of peppermint (Mentha x piperita) and spearmint (Mentha spicata).
J Biol Chem.    impact factor:   7.666
1992;  267(11): 7582-7

15:  Pinching AJ.
Clinical testing of olfaction reassessed.
Brain.    impact factor:   7.374
1977;  100(2): 377-88

16:  Schmitz PG, McCloud LK, Reikes ST, Leonard CL, Gellens ME.
Prophylaxis of hemodialysis graft thrombosis with fish oil: double-blind, randomized, prospective trial.
J Am Soc Nephrol.    impact factor:   6.182
2002;  13(1): 184-90

17:  Beesley A, Hardcastle J, Hardcastle PT, Taylor CJ.
Influence of peppermint oil on absorptive and secretory processes in rat small intestine.
Gut.    impact factor:   5.748
1996;  39(2): 214-9

18:  Rees WD, Evans BK, Rhodes J.
Treating irritable bowel syndrome with peppermint oil.
Br Med J.    impact factor:   5.143
1979;  2(6194): 835-6

19:  Dresser GK, Wacher V, Wong S, Wong HT, Bailey DG.
Evaluation of peppermint oil and ascorbyl palmitate as inhibitors of cytochrome P4503A4 activity in vitro and in vivo.
Clin Pharmacol Ther.    impact factor:   4.846
2002;  72(3): 247-55

20:  Lange BM, Ketchum RE, Croteau RB.
Isoprenoid biosynthesis. Metabolite profiling of peppermint oil gland secretory cells and application to herbicide target analysis.
Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
2001;  127(1): 305-14

21:  McConkey ME, Gershenzon J, Croteau RB.
Developmental regulation of monoterpene biosynthesis in the glandular trichomes of peppermint.
Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
2000;  122(1): 215-24

22:  Gershenzon J, McConkey ME, Croteau RB.
Regulation of monoterpene accumulation in leaves of peppermint.
Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
2000;  122(1): 205-14

23:  Turner GW, Gershenzon J, Croteau RB.
Development of peltate glandular trichomes of peppermint.
Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
2000;  124(2): 665-80

24:  Imbusch R, Mueller MJ.
Analysis of oxidative stress and wound-inducible dinor isoprostanes F(1) (phytoprostanes F(1)) in plants.
Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
2000;  124(3): 1293-304

25:  Turner GW, Gershenzon J, Croteau RB.
Distribution of peltate glandular trichomes on developing leaves of peppermint.
Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
2000;  124(2): 655-64

26:  Turner G, Gershenzon J, Nielson EE, Froehlich JE, Croteau R.
Limonene synthase, the enzyme responsible for monoterpene biosynthesis in peppermint, is localized to leucoplasts of oil gland secretory cells
Plant Physiol.    impact factor:   4.434
1999;  120(3): 879-86

27:  Yuan Q, Harley CW, McLean JH, Knopfel T.
Optical imaging of odor preference memory in the rat olfactory bulb.
J Neurophysiol.    impact factor:   3.935
2002;  87(6): 3156-9

28:  Johnson BA, Leon M.
Spatial distribution of [14C]2-deoxyglucose uptake in the glomerular layer of the rat olfactory bulb following early odor preference learning.
J Comp Neurol.    impact factor:   3.764
1996;  376(4): 557-66

29:  Coopersmith R, Leon M.
Glycogen phosphorylase activity in the olfactory bulb of the young rat.
J Comp Neurol.    impact factor:   3.764
1987;  261(1): 148-54

30:  Weydert JA, Ball TM, Davis MF.
Systematic review of treatments for recurrent abdominal pain.
Pediatrics.    impact factor:   3.487
2003;  111(1): e1-11

31:  Ferraz HM, Grazini MV, Ribeiro CM, Brocksom U, Brocksom TJ.
A short route to (-)-mintlactone by thallium(III)-mediated cyclization of (-)-isopulegol.
J Org Chem.    impact factor:   3.44
2000;  65(8): 2606-7

32:  Kelliher KR, Chang YM, Wersinger SR, Baum MJ.
Sex difference and testosterone modulation of pheromone-induced NeuronalFos in the Ferret's main olfactory bulb and hypothalamus.
Biol Reprod.    impact factor:   3.417
1998;  59(6): 1454-63

33:  Asao T, Mochiki E, Suzuki H, Nakamura J, Hirayama I, Morinaga N, Shoji H, Shitara Y, Kuwano H.
An easy method for the intraluminal administration of peppermint oil before colonoscopy and its effectiveness in reducing colonic spasm.
Gastrointest Endosc.    impact factor:   3.225
2001;  53(2): 172-7

34:  Kline RM, Kline JJ, Di Palma J, Barbero GJ.
Enteric-coated, pH-dependent peppermint oil capsules for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children.
J Pediatr.    impact factor:   3.22
2001;  138(1): 125-8

35:  Sarnat HB.
Olfactory reflexes in the newborn infant.
J Pediatr.    impact factor:   3.22
1978;  92(4): 624-6

36:  Scott RC, Besag FM, Boyd SG, Berry D, Neville BG.
Buccal absorption of midazolam: pharmacokinetics and EEG pharmacodynamics.
Epilepsia.    impact factor:   3.218
1998;  39(3): 290-4

37:  Croteau R, Burbott AJ, Loomis WD.
Enzymatic cyclization of neryl pyrophosphate to -terpineol by cell-free extracts from peppermint.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun.    impact factor:   3.161
1973;  50(4): 1006-12

38:  Thompson Coon J, Ernst E.
Systematic review: herbal medicinal products for non-ulcer dyspepsia.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther.    impact factor:   3.057
2002;  16(10): 1689-99

39:  Orr WC, Chen CL, Sloan S.
The role of age and salivation in acid clearance in symptomatic patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther.    impact factor:   3.057
2001;  15(9): 1385-8

40:  Rodriguez-Stanley S, Collings KL, Robinson M, Owen W, Miner PB Jr.
The effects of capsaicin on reflux, gastric emptying and dyspepsia.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther.    impact factor:   3.057
2000;  14(1): 129-34

41:  May B, Kohler S, Schneider B.
Efficacy and tolerability of a fixed combination of peppermint oil and caraway oil in patients suffering from functional dyspepsia.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther.    impact factor:   3.057
2000;  14(12): 1671-7

42:  Hawthorn M, Ferrante J, Luchowski E, Rutledge A, Wei XY, Triggle DJ.
The actions of peppermint oil and menthol on calcium channel dependent processes in intestinal, neuronal and cardiac preparations.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther.    impact factor:   3.057
1988;  2(2): 101-18

43:  Pittler MH, Ernst E.
Peppermint oil for irritable bowel syndrome: a critical review and metaanalysis.
Am J Gastroenterol.    impact factor:   2.945
1998;  93(7): 1131-5

44:  Koch TR.
Peppermint oil and irritable bowel syndrome.
Am J Gastroenterol.    impact factor:   2.945
1998;  93(11): 2304-5

45:  Thompson WG.
A strategy for management of the irritable bowel.
Am J Gastroenterol.    impact factor:   2.945
1986;  81(2): 95-100

46:  Kirk JM, Grant DB, Savage MO, Besser GM, Bouloux PM.
Identification of olfactory dysfunction in carriers of X-linked Kallmann's syndrome.
Clin Endocrinol (Oxf).    impact factor:   2.922
1994;  41(5): 577-80

47:  Haas LF.
Mentha piperita (peppermint).
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry.    impact factor:   2.846
1995;  59(6): 607

48:  Samama B, Boehm N.
Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase impairs early olfactory associative learning in newborn rats.
Neurobiol Learn Mem.    impact factor:   2.805
1999;  71(2): 219-31

49:  Weldon DA, Fedorcik GG, LoRusso CM, Tiburzi MJ, Lenoci JM.
Olfactory conditioning impairment following posttraining NMDA receptor blockade in neonatal rats.
Neurobiol Learn Mem.    impact factor:   2.805
1997;  67(1): 34-42

50:  Huang L, Bittman EL.
Olfactory bulb cells generated in adult male golden hamsters are specifically activated by exposure to estrous females.
Horm Behav.    impact factor:   2.775
2002;  41(3): 343-50

51:  Klapper JA, O'Connor S.
Rizatriptan wafer--sublingual vs. placebo at the onset of acute migraine.
Cephalalgia.    impact factor:   2.759
2000;  20(6): 585-7

52:  Gobel H, Schmidt G, Soyka D.
Effect of peppermint and eucalyptus oil preparations on neurophysiological and experimental algesimetric headache parameters.
Cephalalgia.    impact factor:   2.759
1994;  14(3): 228-34; discussion 182

53:  McLean JH, Darby-King A, Hodge E.
5-HT2 receptor involvement in conditioned olfactory learning in the neonate rat pup.
Behav Neurosci.    impact factor:   2.719
1996;  110(6): 1426-34

54:  Lucas F, Sclafani A.
Carbohydrate-conditioned odor preferences in rats.
Behav Neurosci.    impact factor:   2.719
1995;  109(3): 446-54

55:  Davies SJ, Harding LM, Baranowski AP.
A novel treatment of postherpetic neuralgia using peppermint oil.
Clin J Pain.    impact factor:   2.662
2002;  18(3): 200-2

56:  Nolen HW 3rd, Friend DR.
Menthol-beta-D-glucuronide: a potential prodrug for treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome.
Pharm Res.    impact factor:   2.475
1994;  11(12): 1707-11

57:  Bertea CM, Schalk M, Karp F, Maffei M, Croteau R.
Demonstration that menthofuran synthase of mint (Mentha) is a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase: cloning, functional expression, and characterization of the responsible gene.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
2001;  390(2): 279-86

58:  Haudenschild C, Schalk M, Karp F, Croteau R.
Functional expression of regiospecific cytochrome P450 limonene hydroxylases from mint (Mentha spp.) in Escherichia coli and saccharomyces cerevisiae.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
2000;  379(1): 127-36

59:  Lange BM, Croteau R.
Isoprenoid biosynthesis via a mevalonate-independent pathway in plants: cloning and heterologous expression of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase from peppermint.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1999;  365(1): 170-4

60:  Lupien S, Karp F, Wildung M, Croteau R.
Regiospecific cytochrome P450 limonene hydroxylases from mint (Mentha) species: cDNA isolation, characterization, and functional expression of (-)-4S-limonene-3-hydroxylase and (-)-4S-limonene-6-hydroxylase.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1999;  368(1): 181-92

61:  Savage TJ, Ichii H, Hume SD, Little DB, Croteau R.
Monoterpene synthases from gymnosperms and angiosperms: stereospecificity and inactivation by cysteinyl- and arginyl-directed modifying reagents.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1995;  320(2): 257-65

62:  Rajaonarivony JI, Gershenzon J, Croteau R.
Characterization and mechanism of (4S)-limonene synthase, a monoterpene cyclase from the glandular trichomes of peppermint (Mentha x piperita).
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1992;  296(1): 49-57

63:  Rajaonarivony JI, Gershenzon J, Miyazaki J, Croteau R.
Evidence for an essential histidine residue in 4S-limonene synthase and other terpene cyclases.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1992;  299(1): 77-82

64:  Karp F, Mihaliak CA, Harris JL, Croteau R.
Monoterpene biosynthesis: specificity of the hydroxylations of (-)-limonene by enzyme preparations from peppermint (Mentha piperita), spearmint (Mentha spicata), and perilla (Perilla frutescens) leaves.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1990;  276(1): 219-26

65:  Croteau R, Venkatachalam KV.
Metabolism of monoterpenes: demonstration that (+)-cis-isopulegone, not piperitenone, is the key intermediate in the conversion of (-)-isopiperitenone to (+)-pulegone in peppermint (Mentha piperita).
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1986;  249(2): 306-15

66:  Kjonaas RB, Venkatachalam KV, Croteau R.
Metabolism of monoterpenes: oxidation of isopiperitenol to isopiperitenone, and subsequent isomerization to piperitenone by soluble enzyme preparations from peppermint (Mentha piperita) leaves.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1985;  238(1): 49-60

67:  Kjonaas R, Croteau R.
Demonstration that limonene is the first cyclic intermediate in the biosynthesis of oxygenated p-menthane monoterpenes in Mentha piperita and other Mentha species.
Arch Biochem Biophys.    impact factor:   2.386
1983;  220(1): 79-89

68:  Matsumoto Y, Mizunami M.
Temporal determinants of long-term retention of olfactory memory in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus.
J Exp Biol.    impact factor:   2.354
2002;  205(Pt 10): 1429-37

69:  Matsumoto Y, Mizunami M.
Olfactory learning in the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus.
J Exp Biol.    impact factor:   2.354
2000;  203 Pt 17: 2581-8

70:  Woo CC, Oshita MH, Leon M.
A learned odor decreases the number of Fos-immunopositive granule cells in the olfactory bulb of young rats.
Brain Res.    impact factor:   2.302
1996;  716(1-2): 149-56

71:  Johnson BA, Woo CC, Duong H, Nguyen V, Leon M.
A learned odor evokes an enhanced Fos-like glomerular response in the olfactory bulb of young rats.
Brain Res.    impact factor:   2.302
1995;  699(2): 192-200

72:  Sullivan RM, Leon M.
One-trial olfactory learning enhances olfactory bulb responses to an appetitive conditioned odor in 7-day-old rats.
Brain Res.    impact factor:   2.302
1987;  432(2): 307-11

73:  Coopersmith R, Henderson SR, Leon M.
Odor specificity of the enhanced neural response following early odor experience in rats.
Brain Res.    impact factor:   2.302
1986;  392(1-2): 191-7

74:  Coopersmith R, Leon M.
Enhanced neural response by adult rats to odors experienced early in life.
Brain Res.    impact factor:   2.302
1986;  371(2): 400-3

75:  Coopersmith R, Lee S, Leon M.
Olfactory bulb responses after odor aversion learning by young rats.
Brain Res.    impact factor:   2.302
1986;  389(1-2): 271-7

76:  Wacher VJ, Wong S, Wong HT.
Peppermint oil enhances cyclosporine oral bioavailability in rats: comparison with D-alpha-tocopheryl poly(ethylene glycol 1000) succinate (TPGS) and ketoconazole.
J Pharm Sci.    impact factor:   2.27
2002;  91(1): 77-90

77:  Eickholt TH, Box RH.
Toxicities of peppermint and Pycnanthemun albescens oils, fam. Labiateae.
J Pharm Sci.    impact factor:   2.27
1965;  54(7): 1071-2

78:  Ilmberger J, Heuberger E, Mahrhofer C, Dessovic H, Kowarik D, Buchbauer G.
The influence of essential oils on human attention. I: alertness.
Chem Senses.    impact factor:   2.163
2001;  26(3): 239-45

79:  Sugawara Y, Hino Y, Kawasaki M, Hara C, Tamura K, Sugimoto N, Yamanishi Y, Miyauchi M, Masujima T, Aoki T.
Alteration of perceived fragrance of essential oils in relation to type of work: a simple screening test for efficacy of aroma.
Chem Senses.    impact factor:   2.163
1999;  24(4): 415-21

80:  Somerville KW, Richmond CR, Bell GD.
Delayed release peppermint oil capsules (Colpermin) for the spastic colon syndrome: a pharmacokinetic study.
Br J Clin Pharmacol.    impact factor:   2.151
1984;  18(4): 638-40

81:  McCaskill D, Croteau R.
Procedures for the isolation and quantification of the intermediates of the mevalonic acid pathway.
Anal Biochem.    impact factor:   2.146
1993;  215(1): 142-9

82:  Andersen PH, Jensen NJ.
Mutagenic investigation of peppermint oil in the Salmonella/mammalian-microsome test.
Mutat Res.    impact factor:   2.107
1984;  138(1): 17-20

83:  Hamrick WD, Wilson DA, Sullivan RM.
Neural correlates of memory for odor detection conditioning in adult rats.
Neurosci Lett.    impact factor:   2.085
1993;  163(1): 36-40

84:  Nurmi M, Sinclair JD, Kiianmaa K.
Dopamine release during ethanol drinking in AA rats.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res.    impact factor:   2.013
1998;  22(8): 1628-33

85:  Tabuchi E, Ono T, Uwano T, Takashima Y, Kawasaki M.
Rat preference for food-related odors.
Brain Res Bull.    impact factor:   1.977
1991;  27(3-4): 387-91

86:  Hurrell RF, Reddy M, Cook JD.
Inhibition of non-haem iron absorption in man by polyphenolic-containing beverages.
Br J Nutr.    impact factor:   1.944
1999;  81(4): 289-95

87:  Shotipruk A, Kaufman PB, Wang HY.
Feasibility study of repeated harvesting of menthol from biologically viable Mentha x piperata using ultrasonic extraction.
Biotechnol Prog.    impact factor:   1.897
2001;  17(5): 924-8

88:  Shotipruk A, Kaufman PB, Wang HY.
Conceptual design of LED-based hydroponic photobioreactor for high-density plant cultivation
Biotechnol Prog.    impact factor:   1.897
1999;  15(6): 1058-64

89:  Robson NJ.
Carminative property of peppermint in magnesium trisilicate mixture, BP.
Anaesthesia.    impact factor:   1.879
1987;  42(7): 776-7

90:  Swain AR, Dutton SP, Truswell AS.
Salicylates in foods.
J Am Diet Assoc.    impact factor:   1.857
1985;  85(8): 950-60

91:  Castiglione F, Emde C, Armstrong D, Bauerfeind P, Schneider C, Stacher G, Blum AL.
Oesophageal pH-metry: should meals be standardized?
Scand J Gastroenterol.    impact factor:   1.842
1992;  27(5): 350-4

92:  Friedman G.
Diet and the irritable bowel syndrome.
Gastroenterol Clin North Am.    impact factor:   1.774
1991;  20(2): 313-24

93:  Friedman G.
Treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome.
Gastroenterol Clin North Am.    impact factor:   1.774
1991;  20(2): 325-33

94:  Friedman G.
Nutritional therapy of irritable bowel syndrome.
Gastroenterol Clin North Am.    impact factor:   1.774
1989;  18(3): 513-24

95:  Umezu T, Sakata A, Ito H.
Ambulation-promoting effect of peppermint oil and identification of its active constituents.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav.    impact factor:   1.732
2001;  69(3-4): 383-90

96:  Buske-Kirschbaum A, Grota L, Kirschbaum C, Bienen T, Moynihan J, Ader R, Blair ML, Hellhammer DH, Felten DL.
Conditioned increase in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) number and corticosterone secretion in the rat.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav.    impact factor:   1.732
1996;  55(1): 27-32

97:  Kavaliers M, Innes DG.
Population differences in benzodiazepine sensitive male scent-induced analgesia in the deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav.    impact factor:   1.732
1989;  32(3): 613-9

98:  Pappas BA, Vickers G, Buxton M, Pusztay W.
Infant rat hyperactivity elicited by home cage bedding is unaffected by neonatal telencephalic dopamine or norepinephrine depletion.
Pharmacol Biochem Behav.    impact factor:   1.732
1982;  16(1): 151-4

99:  Bell GD.
Premedication, preparation, and surveillance.
Endoscopy.    impact factor:   1.726
2002;  34(1): 2-12

100:  Quirke JM, Hsu YL, Van Berkel GJ.
Ferrocene-based electroactive derivatizing reagents for the rapid selective screening of alcohols and phenols in natural product mixtures using electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry.
J Nat Prod.    impact factor:   1.652
2000;  63(2): 230-7

101:  Dawes C, Macpherson LM.
Effects of nine different chewing-gums and lozenges on salivary flow rate and pH.
Caries Res.    impact factor:   1.624
1992;  26(3): 176-82

102:  Koo HN, Jeong HJ, Kim CH, Park ST, Lee SJ, Seong KK, Lee SK, Lyu YS, Kim HM.
Inhibition of heat shock-induced apoptosis by peppermint oil in astrocytes.
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103:  Iscan G, Kirimer N, Kurkcuoglu M, Husnu Can Baser K, Demirci F.
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104:  Rohloff J.
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105:  Garland SM, Menary RC, Davies NW.
Dissipation of propiconazole and tebuconazole in peppermint crops (Mentha piperita (Labiatae)) and their residues in distilled oils.
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106:  Gunning YM, Gunning PA, Kemsley EK, Parker R, Ring SG, Wilson RH, Blake A.
Factors affecting the release of flavor encapsulated in carbohydrate matrixes.
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107:  Inman RD, Kiigemagi U, Deinzer ML.
Determination of chlorpyrifos and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol residues in peppermint hay and peppermint oil.
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108:  Fernandez M, Schwartz GE, Bell IR.
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109:  DeVault KR, Castell DO.
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110:  Kapila YV, Dodds WJ, Helm JF, Hogan WJ.
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111:  Henkin RI, Levy LM.
Functional MRI of congenital hyposmia: brain activation to odors and imagination of odors and tastes.
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112:  Henkin RI, Levy LM.
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113:  Henkin RI, Levy LM, Lin CS.
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114:  Levy LM, Henkin RI.
Physiologically initiated and inhibited phantosmia: cyclic unirhinal, episodic, recurrent phantosmia revealed by brain fMRI.
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115:  Levy LM, Henkin RI, Lin CS, Finley A, Schellinger D.
Taste memory induces brain activation as revealed by functional MRI.
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116:  Levy LM, Henkin RI, Lin CS, Hutter A, Schellinger D.
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117:  Dwyer DM, Mackintosh NJ.
Alternating exposure to two compound flavors creates inhibitory associations between their unique features.
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118:  Richard D.
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119:  Briggs CJ.
Effects of polybutene emulsion sprays on the composition of peppermint oils.
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120:  Franz C, Wunsch A.
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121:  Rothbacher H, Suteu F, Kraus A.
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122:  Zito KA, Vickers G, Telford L, Roberts DC.
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123:  Guion ED, Kirstein CL.
The effects of water-odor preference conditioning in the preadolescent nucleus accumbens septi.
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124:  Amiri L, Dark T, Noce KM, Kirstein CL.
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125:  Sullivan RM, Wilson DA.
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126:  Setzer AK, Slotnick B.
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128:  Bronson FH, de la Rosa J.
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129:  Badia P, Wesensten N, Lammers W, Culpepper J, Harsh J.
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130:  Kavaliers M, Innes DG.
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134:  Lazutka JR, Mierauskiene J, Slapsyte G, Dedonyte V.
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135:  Gaworski CL, Vollmuth TA, Dozier MM, Heck JD, Dunn LT, Ratajczak HV, Thomas PT.
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136:  Coleman WM 3rd, Lawrence BM.
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137:  Maliakal PP, Wanwimolruk S.
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139:  Sagduyu K.
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140:  Lee VM, Linden RW.
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141:  Lee VM, Linden RW.
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142:  Lozak A, Soltyk K, Ostapczuk P, Fijalek Z.
Determination of selected trace elements in herbs and their infusions.
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143:  Rycroft DS, Cole WJ.
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144:  Maffei M, Camusso W, Sacco S.
Effect of Mentha x piperita essential oil and monoterpenes on cucumber root membrane potential.
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145:  Mucciarelli M, Camusso W, Bertea CM, Maffei M.
Effect of (+)-pulegone and other oil components of Mentha x Piperita on cucumber respiration.
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148:  Calabreseci EJ.
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149:  Barnard DR.
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151:  McCaskill D, Croteau R.
Isoprenoid synthesis in peppermint (Mentha x piperita): development of a model system for measuring flux of intermediates through the mevalonic acid pathway in plants.
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154:  Pimentel M, Bonorris GG, Chow EJ, Lin HC.
Peppermint oil improves the manometric findings in diffuse esophageal spasm.
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155:  Morris MA, Berry RE, Croft BA.
Phytoseiid mites on peppermint and effectiveness of Neoseiulus fallacis to control Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Phytoseiidae, Tetranychidae) in arid growing regions.
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156:  Berry RE.
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157:  Brown JS, Marcy SA.
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158:  Buckle J.
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161:  Inoue T, Sugimoto Y, Masuda H, Kamei C.
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162:  Liu JH, Chen GH, Yeh HZ, Huang CK, Poon SK.
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163:  Kristiansen E, Madsen C.
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164:  Spindler P, Madsen C.
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165:  Madsen C, Wurtzen G, Carstensen J.
Short-term toxicity study in rats dosed with menthone.
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167:  Thorup I, Wurtzen G, Carstensen J, Olsen P.
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168:  El-Kady IA, El-Maraghy SS, Eman Mostafa M.
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169:  Eccles R, Griffiths DH, Newton CG, Tolley NS.
The effects of menthol isomers on nasal sensation of airflow.
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170:  Fleming CJ, Forsyth A.
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171:  Lewis FM, Shah M, Gawkrodger DJ.
Contact sensitivity to food additives can cause oral and perioral symptoms.
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172:  Sainio EL, Kanerva L.
Contact allergens in toothpastes and a review of their hypersensitivity.
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173:  Morton CA, Garioch J, Todd P, Lamey PJ, Forsyth A.
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174:  Wilkinson SM, Beck MH.
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175:  Andersen KE.
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176:  Dooms-Goossens A, Degreef H, Holvoet C, Maertens M.
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177:  Gobel H, Fresenius J, Heinze A, Dworschak M, Soyka D.
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178:  Mascher H, Kikuta C, Schiel H.
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179:  Madisch A, Heydenreich CJ, Wieland V, Hufnagel R, Hotz J.
Treatment of functional dyspepsia with a fixed peppermint oil and caraway oil combination preparation as compared to cisapride. A multicenter, reference-controlled double-blind equivalence study.
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180:  May B, Kuntz HD, Kieser M, Kohler S.
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181:  Ushid K, Maekawa M, Arakawa T.
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186:  Jaffe G, Grimshaw JJ.
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188:  Nash P, Gould SR, Bernardo DE.
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Br J Clin Pract.    impact factor:   .492
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189:  Dew MJ, Evans BK, Rhodes J.
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Final report on the safety assessment of Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Oil, Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Leaf Extract, Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Leaf, and Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Leaf Water.
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214:  Mori M, Ikeda N, Kato Y, Minamino M, Watabe K.
[Quality evaluation of essential oils]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
2002;  122(3): 253-61

215:  Sato Y, Ohta S, Sakurai N, Shinoda M.
[Studies on chemical protectors against radiation. XXVI. Protective effect of various extracts on crude drugs on skin injury induced by X-irradiation]
Yakugaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   .238
1989;  109(2): 113-8

216:  Katikova OIu, Kostin IaV, Iagudina RI, Tishkin VS.
[Effect of plant preparations on lipid peroxidation parameters in acute toxic hepatitis]
Vopr Med Khim.    impact factor:   .188
2001;  47(6): 593-8

217:  Yeung DY, Lee T, Grant G, Ma M, Kwong E.
A SPME-GC procedure for monitoring peppermint flavor in tablets.
J Pharm Biomed Anal.    impact factor:   0
2003;  30(5): 1469-77

218:  Mascher H, Kikuta Ch, Schiel H.
[Pharmacokinetics of carvone and menthol after administration of peppermint oil and caraway oil containing enteric formulation]
Wien Med Wochenschr.    impact factor:   0
2002;  152(15-16): 432-6

219:  Mann SS, Maini S, Nageswari KS, Mohan H, Handa A.
Assessment of olfactory status in allergic and non-allergic rhinitis patients.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol.    impact factor:   0
2002;  46(2): 186-94

220:  Katikova OIu, Kostin IaV, Tishkin VS.
[Hepatoprotective effect of plant preparations]
Eksp Klin Farmakol.    impact factor:   0
2002;  65(1): 41-3

221:  Logan AC, Beaulne TM.
The treatment of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth with enteric-coated peppermint oil: a case report.
Altern Med Rev.    impact factor:   0
2002;  7(5): 410-7

222:  Richter T, Braun P, Fehlhaber K.
[Influence of spiced feed additives on taste of hen's eggs]
Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr.    impact factor:   0
2002;  115(5-6): 200-2

223:  Shkurupii VA, Kazarinova NV, Ogirenko AP, Nikonov SD, Tkachev AV, Tkachenko KG.
[Efficiency of the use of peppermint (Mentha piperita L) essential oil inhalations in the combined multi-drug therapy for pulmonary tuberculosis]
Probl Tuberk.    impact factor:   0
2002;  (4): 36-9

224:  Nageris B, Hadar T, Hansen MC.
The effects of passive smoking on olfaction in children.
Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord).    impact factor:   0
2002;  123(2): 89-91

225:  Huertas-Ceballos A, Macarthur C, Logan S.
Pharmacological interventions for recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in childhood.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev.    impact factor:   0
2002;  (1): CD003017

226:  Mahmoud SS, Croteau RB.
Metabolic engineering of essential oil yield and composition in mint by altering expression of deoxyxylulose phosphate reductoisomerase and menthofuran synthase.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
2001;  98(15): 8915-20

227:  Szentmihalyi K, Forgacs E, Hajdu M, Then M.
In vitro study on the transfer of volatile oil components.
J Pharm Biomed Anal.    impact factor:   0
2001;  24(5-6): 1073-80

228:  Spirling LI, Daniels IR.
Botanical perspectives on health peppermint: more than just an after-dinner mint.
J R Soc Health.    impact factor:   0
2001;  121(1): 62-3

229:  Inouye S, Yamaguchi H, Takizawa T.
Screening of the antibacterial effects of a variety of essential oils on respiratory tract pathogens, using a modified dilution assay method.
J Infect Chemother.    impact factor:   0
2001;  7(4): 251-4

230:  Samarth RM, Goyal PK, Kumar A.
Modulatory effect of Mentha piperita (Linn.) on serum phosphatases activity in Swiss albino mice against gamma irradiation.
Indian J Exp Biol.    impact factor:   0
2001;  39(5): 479-82

231:  Rumsey JD, Darby-King A, Harley CW, McLean JH.
Infusion of the metabotropic receptor agonist, DCG-IV, into the main olfactory bulb induces olfactory preference learning in rat pups.
Brain Res Dev Brain Res.    impact factor:   0
2001;  128(2): 177-9

232:  Dutkiewicz J, Krysinska-Traczyk E, Skorska C, Sitkowska J, Prazmo Z, Golec M.
Exposure to airborne microorganisms and endotoxin in herb processing plants.
Ann Agric Environ Med.    impact factor:   0
2001;  8(2): 201-11

233:  Kanerva L, Rantanen T, Aalto-Korte K, Estlander T, Hannuksela M, Harvima RJ, Hasan T, Horsmanheimo M, Jolanki R, Kalimo K, Lahti A, Lammintausta K, Lauerma A, Niinimaki A, Turjanmaa K, Vuorela AM.
A multicenter study of patch test reactions with dental screening series.
Am J Contact Dermat.    impact factor:   0
2001;  12(2): 83-7

234:  Lange BM, Wildung MR, Stauber EJ, Sanchez C, Pouchnik D, Croteau R.
Probing essential oil biosynthesis and secretion by functional evaluation of expressed sequence tags from mint glandular trichomes.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
2000;  97(6): 2934-9

235:  Hudecova T, Tekel' J, Hatrik S, Vaverkova S, Havranek E.
[Determination of residual trifluralin in the herbal drug Mentha piperita L.]
Ceska Slov Farm.    impact factor:   0
2000;  49(5): 247-50

236:  Schalk M, Croteau R.
A single amino acid substitution (F363I) converts the regiochemistry of the spearmint (-)-limonene hydroxylase from a C6- to a C3-hydroxylase.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
2000;  97(22): 11948-53

237:  Burke CC, Wildung MR, Croteau R.
Geranyl diphosphate synthase: cloning, expression, and characterization of this prenyltransferase as a heterodimer.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
1999;  96(23): 13062-7

238:  Lange BM, Croteau R.
Isopentenyl diphosphate biosynthesis via a mevalonate-independent pathway: isopentenyl monophosphate kinase catalyzes the terminal enzymatic step.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
1999;  96(24): 13714-9

239:  Lepine P.
Reaching a consensus on irritable bowel syndrome.
CMAJ.    impact factor:   0
1999;  161(10): 1237

240:  Belanger JT.
Perillyl alcohol: applications in oncology.
Altern Med Rev.    impact factor:   0
1998;  3(6): 448-57

241:  [No authors listed]
Essential oils of peppermint, orange or lemongrass kill most strains of fungal and bacterial infections.
Posit Health News.    impact factor:   0
1998;  (No 17): 26-7

242:  Larmour CJ, McCabe JF, Gordon PH.
An ex vivo investigation into the effects of chemical solvents on the debond behaviour of ceramic orthodontic brackets.
Br J Orthod.    impact factor:   0
1998;  25(1): 35-9

243:  Mata J, Jimenez J, Postigo A.
[Olfactory cortical evoked potentials]
Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp.    impact factor:   0
1998;  49(5): 385-7

244:  Lemberkovics E, Kery A, Marczal G, Simandi B, Szoke E.
[Phytochemical evaluation of essential oils, medicinal plants and their preparations]
Acta Pharm Hung.    impact factor:   0
1998;  68(3): 141-9

245:  Lange BM, Wildung MR, McCaskill D, Croteau R.
A family of transketolases that directs isoprenoid biosynthesis via a mevalonate-independent pathway.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
1998;  95(5): 2100-4

246:  Montes-Belmont R, Carvajal M.
Control of Aspergillus flavus in maize with plant essential oils and their components.
J Food Prot.    impact factor:   0
1998;  61(5): 616-9

247:  Tate S.
Peppermint oil: a treatment for postoperative nausea.
J Adv Nurs.    impact factor:   0
1997;  26(3): 543-9

248:  Huffington A.
Peppermint prozac.
US News World Rep.    impact factor:   0
1997;  123(7): 28

249:  Crock J, Wildung M, Croteau R.
Isolation and bacterial expression of a sesquiterpene synthase cDNA clone from peppermint (Mentha x piperita, L.) that produces the aphid alarm pheromone (E)-beta-farnesene.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A.    impact factor:   0
1997;  94(24): 12833-8

250:  Abdullah D, Ping QN, Liu GJ.
Enhancing effect of essential oils on the penetration of 5-fluorouracil through rat skin.
Yao Xue Xue Bao.    impact factor:   0
1996;  31(3): 214-21

251:  Veal L.
The potential effectiveness of essential oils as a treatment for headlice, Pediculus humanus capitis.
Complement Ther Nurs Midwifery.    impact factor:   0
1996;  2(4): 97-101

252:  Tassou CC, Drosinos EH, Nychas GJ.
Effects of essential oil from mint (Mentha piperita) on Salmonella enteritidis and Listeria monocytogenes in model food systems at 4 degrees and 10 degrees C.
J Appl Bacteriol.    impact factor:   0
1995;  78(6): 593-600

253:  Lupien S, Karp F, Ponnamperuma K, Wildung M, Croteau R.
Cytochrome P450 limonene hydroxylases of Mentha species.
Drug Metabol Drug Interact.    impact factor:   0
1995;  12(3-4): 245-60

254:  Pikulikova A, Bumbalova A, Komova M.
[Determination of Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb and Hg levels in herbal drugs using the radionuclide x-ray fluorescence method]
Ceska Slov Farm.    impact factor:   0
1994;  43(4): 160-2

255:  Schellinck HM, Smyth C, Brown R, Wilkinson M.
Odor-induced sexual maturation and expression of c-fos in the olfactory system of juvenile female mice.
Brain Res Dev Brain Res.    impact factor:   0
1993;  74(1): 138-41

256:  Sullivan RM, Zyzak DR, Skierkowski P, Wilson DA.
The role of olfactory bulb norepinephrine in early olfactory learning.
Brain Res Dev Brain Res.    impact factor:   0
1992;  70(2): 279-82

257:  el-Naghy MA, Maghazy SN, Fadl-Allah EM, el-Gendy ZK.
Fungistatic action of natural oils and fatty acids on dermatophytic and saprophytic fungi.
Zentralbl Mikrobiol.    impact factor:   0
1992;  147(3-4): 214-20

258:  Duband F, Carnat AP, Carnat A, Petitjean-Freytet C, Clair G, Lamaison JL.
[Aromatic and polyphenolic composition of infused peppermint, Mentha x piperita L.]
Ann Pharm Fr.    impact factor:   0
1992;  50(3): 146-55

259:  Winchester L.
Methods of debonding ceramic brackets.
Br J Orthod.    impact factor:   0
1992;  19(3): 233-7

260:  Ibrahim YK, Ogunmodede MS.
Growth and survival of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in some aromatic waters.
Pharm Acta Helv.    impact factor:   0
1991;  66(9-10): 286-8

261:  Dalvi SS, Nadkarni PM, Pardesi R, Gupta KC.
Effect of peppermint oil on gastric emptying in man: a preliminary study using a radiolabelled solid test meal.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol.    impact factor:   0
1991;  35(3): 212-4

262:  Sullivan RM, McGaugh JL, Leon M.
Norepinephrine-induced plasticity and one-trial olfactory learning in neonatal rats.
Brain Res Dev Brain Res.    impact factor:   0
1991;  60(2): 219-28

263:  Carmi O, Leon M.
Neurobehavioral responses of neonatal rats to previously experienced odors of different concentrations.
Brain Res Dev Brain Res.    impact factor:   0
1991;  64(1-2): 43-6

264:  Kaffenberger RM, Doyle MJ.
Determination of menthol and menthol glucuronide in human urine by gas chromatography using an enzyme-sensitive internal standard and flame ionization detection.
J Chromatogr.    impact factor:   0
1990;  527(1): 59-66

265:  Nemes J.
From go-go to hospital CFO.
Mod Healthc.    impact factor:   0
1990;  20(25): 54

266:  Sullivan RM, Wilson DA, Wong R, Correa A, Leon M.
Modified behavioral and olfactory bulb responses to maternal odors in preweanling rats.
Brain Res Dev Brain Res.    impact factor:   0
1990;  53(2): 243-7

267:  McKenzie J, Gallacher M.
A sweet smelling success.
Nurs Times.    impact factor:   0
1989;  85(27): 48-9

268:  Frimodt-Moller J.
[Exanthema of the face]
Ugeskr Laeger.    impact factor:   0
1988;  150(42): 2540

269:  Lech Y, Olesen KM, Hey H, Rask-Pedersen E, Vilien M, Ostergaard O.
[Treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with peppermint oil. A double-blind study with a placebo]
Ugeskr Laeger.    impact factor:   0
1988;  150(40): 2388-9

270:  Boese J, Nakashima M, Glaze LE.
Extraction of light filth from whole peppermint leaves: collaborative study.
J Assoc Off Anal Chem.    impact factor:   0
1985;  68(4): 697-8

271:  Mooller NE, Skov PS, Norn S.
Allergic and pseudo-allergic reactions caused by penicillins, cocoa and peppermint additives in penicillin factory workers examined by basophil histamine release.
Acta Pharmacol Toxicol (Copenh).    impact factor:   0
1984;  55(2): 139-44

272:  Hausen BM.
[Toothpaste allergy]
Dtsch Med Wochenschr.    impact factor:   0
1984;  109(8): 300-2

273:  Bogard MO.
Vials and bottles for peppermint and other essences.
Pharm Hist.    impact factor:   0
1983;  25(3): 142-6

274:  Jones OR.
Essense of peppermint: history of the medicine and its bottle.
Hist Archaeol.    impact factor:   0
1981;  15(2): 1-57

275:  Johns OR.
Essence of peppermint, a history of the medicine and its bottle.
Hist Archaeol.    impact factor:   0
1981;  15(2): 1-57

276:  Mabrouk SS, El-Shayeb NM.
Inhibition of aflatoxin formation by some spices.
Z Lebensm Unters Forsch.    impact factor:   0
1980;  171(5): 344-7

277:  Laudien H, Iken HH.
Ecological imprinting and protein biosynthesis. Experiments with Drosophila melanogaster Meigen
Z Tierpsychol.    impact factor:   0
1977;  44(2): 113-29

278:  Musim MN, Khadzhai IaI, Litvinenko VI, Ammosov AS.
[Anti-inflammatory activity of a polyphenolic preparation obtained from peppermint]
Farm Zh.    impact factor:   0
1976;  (2): 76-9

279:  Kodash AG, Zakharova OI, Zakharov AM.
[Harvesting times for "Kubanskaia-6" peppermint]
Farmatsiia.    impact factor:   0
1976;  25(2): 54-6

280:  Kodash AG, Zakharova OI, Zakharov AM.
[Dynamics of the accumulation of essential oil and menthol in peppermint of the "Polyhybrid-7" variety]
Farmatsiia.    impact factor:   0
1974;  23(4): 66-7

281:  Lysenko LV, Syla VI.
[Antiallergic action of peppermint oil azulene]
Farm Zh.    impact factor:   0
1972;  27(6): 65-8

282:  Shakhova MF, Dedneva AL.
[Sterols of peppermint]
Farmatsiia.    impact factor:   0
1972;  21(5): 19-21

283:  Wandelt S.
[Peppermint abuse and caries. 2. Bacteriologic studies]
Dtsch Zahnarztl Z.    impact factor:   0
1967;  22(2): 419

284:  Herrmann EC Jr, Kucera LS.
Antiviral substances in plants of the mint family (labiatae). 3. Peppermint (Mentha piperita) and other mint plants.
Proc Soc Exp Biol Med.    impact factor:   0
1967;  124(3): 874-8

285:  Herisset A, Besson P.
[Attempt of "industrial lyophilization" of medicinal plants. V. Peppermint (Mentha piperita Huds. L.)]
Ann Pharm Fr.    impact factor:   0
1967;  25(6): 459-62

286:  Wandelt S.
[Abuse of peppermint and caries. 1. Clinical observations and experimental studies]
Dtsch Zahnarztl Z.    impact factor:   0
1966;  21(2): 281-9

287:  Ruminska A, Nieweglowska A.
[Effect of shading on morphological features, yield and volatile oil content and reducing sugars of the peppermint plant (Mentha piperita L.)]
Acta Pol Pharm.    impact factor:   0
1965;  22(4): 373-9


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