Ingredient ID 639 
Chinese Pronunciation HUIXIANG 
English Name Fennel Fruit  
Latin Name Fructus Foeniculi  
Aliases XiaoHuiXiang
Identified Compounds

order by name

1. Anisaldehyde

   C8H8O2   136.15

2. Dipentene

   C10H16   136.24
NSC# 844 Activity (but inactive >10uM)

3. Estragole

   C10H12O   148.2

4. Fenchone

   C10H16O   152.24

5. Methylchavicol

   C10H12O   148.2

6. Behenic Acid

   C22H44O2   340.59

7. P-cymol

   C10H14   134.22

8. Alpha-phellandrene

   C10H16   136.23

9. Beta-myrcene


10. Campestadienol

   C28H46O   398.66

11. Deta-avenasterol


12. Deta-campestenol


13. Deta-stigmastenol


14. Petroselinic Acid

   C18H34O2   282.46

15. Phytosteryl-beta-fructofuranoside


16. Stigmastadienol

   C29H48O   412.69

17. Trans-anethole

   C10H12O   148.2

Recipes that contain
  1. 134      PangGuangAiFangSi

Available references (order by impact factor):

1:  Satterwhite DM, Wheeler CJ, Croteau R.
Biosynthesis of monoterpenes. Enantioselectivity in the enzymatic cyclization of linalyl pyrophosphate to (-)-endo-fenchol.
J Biol Chem.    impact factor:   7.666
1985;  260(26): 13901-8

2:  Asero R.
Relevance of pollen-specific IgE levels to the development of Apiaceae hypersensitivity in patients with birch pollen allergy.
Allergy.    impact factor:   1.801
1997;  52(5): 560-4

3:  Bilia AR, Fumarola M, Gallori S, Mazzi G, Vincieri FF.
Identification by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS analyses and quantification of constituents of fennel teas and decoctions.
J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
2000;  48(10): 4734-8

4:  Simandi B, Deak A, Ronyai E, Yanxiang G, Veress T, Lemberkovics E, Then M, Sass-Kiss A, Vamos-Falusi Z.
Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and fractionation of fennel oil.
J Agric Food Chem.    impact factor:   1.56
1999;  47(4): 1635-40

5:  Pope JM, Rumpel H, Kuhn W, Walker R, Leach D, Sarafis V.
Applications of chemical-shift-selective NMR microscopy to the non-invasive histochemistry of plant materials.
Magn Reson Imaging.    impact factor:   1.389
1991;  9(3): 357-63

6:  Tang X, Edenharder R.
Inhibition of the mutagenicity of 2-nitrofluorene, 3-nitrofluoranthene and 1-nitropyrene by vitamins, porphyrins and related compounds, and vegetable and fruit juices and solvent extracts.
Food Chem Toxicol.    impact factor:   1.243
1997;  35(3-4): 373-8

7:  Edenharder R, Kurz P, John K, Burgard S, Seeger K.
In vitro effect of vegetable and fruit juices on the mutagenicity of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline, 2-amino-3,4-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline and 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline.
Food Chem Toxicol.    impact factor:   1.243
1994;  32(5): 443-59

8:  Betts TJ.
Examination of fennel fruits by gas chromatography without preliminary distillation.
J Pharm Pharmacol.    impact factor:   1.195
1968;  20: Suppl:61S+

9:  Saita T, Katano M, Matsunaga H, Kouno I, Fujito H, Mori M.
Screening of polyacetylenic alcohols in crude drugs using the ELISA for panaxytriol.
Biol Pharm Bull.    impact factor:   .844
1995;  18(7): 933-7

10:  Sharma AK, Sharma KD.
Effects of fungal metabolites on the germination of sweet fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) seeds.
Toxicol Lett.    impact factor:   .773
1983;  17(1-2): 81-4

11:  Trenkle K.
[Recent studies on fennel (Foeniculum vulgare M.) 2. The volatile oil of the fruit, herbs and roots of fruit-bearing plants]
Pharmazie.    impact factor:   .446
1972;  27(5): 319-24

12:  Toda S.
Inhibitory effects of aromatic herbs on lipid peroxidation and protein oxidative modification of mice brain homogenate by copper in vitro.
Phytother Res.    impact factor:   .364
2001;  15(6): 541-3

13:  Farag RS, el-Khawas KH.
Influence of gamma-irradiation and microwaves on the antioxidant property of some essential oils.
Int J Food Sci Nutr.    impact factor:   .309
1998;  49(2): 109-15

14:  Garcia-Gonzalez JJ, Bartolome-Zavala B, Fernandez-Melendez S, Barcelo-Munoz JM, Miranda Paez A, Carmona-Bueno MJ, Vega-Chicote JM, Negro Carrasco MA, Ameal Godoy A, Pamies Espinosa R.
Occupational rhinoconjunctivitis and food allergy because of aniseed sensitization.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol.    impact factor:   0
2002;  88(5): 518-22

15:  Kim DH, Ahn YJ.
Contact and fumigant activities of constituents of Foeniculum vulgare fruit against three coleopteran stored-product insects.
Pest Manag Sci.    impact factor:   0
2001;  57(3): 301-6

16:  Zhang T, Li T, Jiang W, Ma Y, Li C, Zhou J.
[Influence of fry-processing on outward character and inner quality of volatile oil containing drugs such as fructus Viticis, etc.]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1998;  23(1): 22-4, 62

17:  Schwartz HJ, Jones RT, Rojas AR, Squillace DL, Yunginger JW.
Occupational allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma due to fennel seed.
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol.    impact factor:   0
1997;  78(1): 37-40

18:  Rance F, Dutau G.
Labial food challenge in children with food allergy.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol.    impact factor:   0
1997;  8(1): 41-4

19:  Ottolenghi A, De Chiara A, Arrigoni S, Terracciano L, De Amici M.
[Diagnosis of food allergy caused by fruit and vegetables in children with atopic dermatitis]
Pediatr Med Chir.    impact factor:   0
1995;  17(6): 525-30

20:  Nabrzyski M, Gajewska R.
[The content of nitrates and nitrites in fruits, vegetables and other foodstuffs]
Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig.    impact factor:   0
1994;  45(3): 167-80

21:  Gluck U.
[Neglected allergens]
Ther Umsch.    impact factor:   0
1992;  49(10): 669-73

22:  Wang R, Dong S.
[Discrimination between fructus Foeniculi and fructus Anethi by cellulose acetate membrane electrophoresis]
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.    impact factor:   0
1990;  15(1): 13-4, 62

23:  Moharram AM, Abdel-Mallek AY, Abdel-Hafez AI.
Mycoflora of anise and fennel seeds in Egypt.
J Basic Microbiol.    impact factor:   0
1989;  29(7): 427-35

24:  Wuthrich B, Hofer T.
[Food allergy: the celery-mugwort-spice syndrome. Association with mango allergy?]
Dtsch Med Wochenschr.    impact factor:   0
1984;  109(25): 981-6

25:  Okabe S, Takeuchi K, Ikenishi H, Ohmi F, Takaoka A.
[Effects of SM powder, a combined herbal preparation for stomach diseases, on gastric secretion and acute gastro-duodenal lesions in rats]
Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi.    impact factor:   0
1983;  81(4): 285-94

26:  Muller-Limmroth W, Frohlich HH.
[Effect of various phytotherapeutic expectorants on mucociliary transport]
Fortschr Med.    impact factor:   0
1980;  98(3): 95-101

27:  Duquenois P, Anton R, Dupin M.
[Standardization of botanical drugs. V. Problems posed by fennel fruit]
Ann Pharm Fr.    impact factor:   0
1977;  35(11-12): 497-502

28:  Kunzemann J, Herrmann K.
[Isolation and identification of flavon(ol)-O-glycosides in caraway (Carum carvi L.), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.), anise (Pimpinella anisum L.), and coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.), and of flavon-C-glycosides in anise. I. Phenolics of spices (author's transl)]
Z Lebensm Unters Forsch.    impact factor:   0
1977;  164(3): 194-200

29:  Schmidtlein H, Herrmann K.
[On the phenolic acids of vegetables. IV. Hydroxycinnamic acids and hydroxybenzoic acids of vegetables and potatoes (author's transl)]
Z Lebensm Unters Forsch.    impact factor:   0
1975;  159(5): 255-63

30:  Sobotka-Wierzbowicz J.
[Determination of residual pesticides from the chlorinated hydrocarbon group in Fructus Foeniculi]
Acta Pol Pharm.    impact factor:   0
1974;  31(3): 345-9

31:  Kast C, Fluck H.
[The effects of pulverization on plant drugs with special reference to the active substance content. 2. Changes in drug active substances of folium menthae and fructus foeniculi during the process of pulverization]
Pharm Acta Helv.    impact factor:   0
1967;  42(4): 209-33

32:  Mirchink TG.
[Formation of patulin by a group of fungi Penicillium lapidosum Raper and Fennel]
Antibiotiki.    impact factor:   0
1967;  12(9): 762-6

33:  Kast C, Fluck H.
[The influence of grinding on vegetable drugs with special reference to tent of active ingredients. I. The mechanical processes in pulverizing of dry vegetable drugs, specially in Folium menthae and Fructus foeniculi]
Pharm Acta Helv.    impact factor:   0
1966;  41(6): 346-68


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